We studied the effect of different forest covers on carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) dynamics of two standardised litters during decomposition in soil. For this purpose, commercially available bags containing green tea or rooibos tea were incubated in close monospecific stands of Fagus sylvatica, Pseudotsuga menziesii, and Quercus cerris, in the Apennines range, Italy, and then analysed at different intervals for up to two years. We also investigated the fate of various C functional groups in both types of litter under beech by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. After two years of incubation, green tea had not changed its original C/N ratio of 10, while rooibos tea had nearly halved its original value of 45, because of different C and N dynamics. Both litters progressively lost C, about fifty per cent of the initial content in the case of rooibos tea, and a little more for green tea, most of the loss occurring in the first three months. In terms of N, green tea behaved as for C, while rooibos tea in the early stage lost part of its N stock, fully recovering it by the end of the first year. Under beech, both litters showed a preferential loss in carbohydrates during the first trimester of incubation and, consequently, an indirect enrichment in lipids. Later on, the relative contribution of the various C forms remained practically constant. Our results overall support that the decay rate and compositional changes of litter depend strongly on the litter type and little on the tree cover of the soil in which the litter is incubated.

Decomposition of green tea and rooibos tea across three monospecific temperate forests: Effect of litter type and tree species / Certini, Giacomo; Kwon, TaeOh; Rompato, Bianca; Djukic, Ika; Forte, Claudia. - In: HELIYON. - ISSN 2405-8440. - ELETTRONICO. - 9:(2023), pp. e16689.0-e16689.0. [10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e16689]

Decomposition of green tea and rooibos tea across three monospecific temperate forests: Effect of litter type and tree species

Certini, Giacomo
;
Rompato, Bianca;
2023

Abstract

We studied the effect of different forest covers on carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) dynamics of two standardised litters during decomposition in soil. For this purpose, commercially available bags containing green tea or rooibos tea were incubated in close monospecific stands of Fagus sylvatica, Pseudotsuga menziesii, and Quercus cerris, in the Apennines range, Italy, and then analysed at different intervals for up to two years. We also investigated the fate of various C functional groups in both types of litter under beech by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. After two years of incubation, green tea had not changed its original C/N ratio of 10, while rooibos tea had nearly halved its original value of 45, because of different C and N dynamics. Both litters progressively lost C, about fifty per cent of the initial content in the case of rooibos tea, and a little more for green tea, most of the loss occurring in the first three months. In terms of N, green tea behaved as for C, while rooibos tea in the early stage lost part of its N stock, fully recovering it by the end of the first year. Under beech, both litters showed a preferential loss in carbohydrates during the first trimester of incubation and, consequently, an indirect enrichment in lipids. Later on, the relative contribution of the various C forms remained practically constant. Our results overall support that the decay rate and compositional changes of litter depend strongly on the litter type and little on the tree cover of the soil in which the litter is incubated.
2023
9
0
0
Certini, Giacomo; Kwon, TaeOh; Rompato, Bianca; Djukic, Ika; Forte, Claudia
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1316391
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