IntroductionThe aim of this study is to perform a systematic review to compare the outcomes of the different surgical options for mandibular reconstruction in head and neck cancer.Material and methods93 articles were selected. Four groups were identified: titanium plate without flaps, titanium plate covered by soft tissue flap, bone tissue flaps and double flaps. We compared patients' characteristics, site of mandibulectomy, type of reconstruction and complications.Results4697 patients were reported. The groups were not homogeneous regarding the type of defect and the treatment history. A significant difference in terms of post-operative complications was found between group 1 and group 2 (p < 0.00001), and between group 2 and group 3 (p < 0.00001). Total complications rate for group 4 was significantly higher when compared to group 3 (p < 0.00001), but no significant difference was found with group 2.ConclusionThese results suggest that mandibular reconstruction using a microvascular bone flap is the best surgical option in patients without significant comorbidities.

Mandibular reconstruction in head and neck cancer: which is the gold standard? / Molteni G.; Gazzini L.; Sacchetto A.; Nocini R.; Comini L.V.; Arietti V.; Locatello L.G.; Mannelli G.. - In: EUROPEAN ARCHIVES OF OTO-RHINO-LARYNGOLOGY AND HEAD & NECK. - ISSN 1434-4726. - STAMPA. - 280:(2023), pp. 3953-3965. [10.1007/s00405-023-08050-5]

Mandibular reconstruction in head and neck cancer: which is the gold standard?

Comini L. V.;Locatello L. G.;Mannelli G.
2023

Abstract

IntroductionThe aim of this study is to perform a systematic review to compare the outcomes of the different surgical options for mandibular reconstruction in head and neck cancer.Material and methods93 articles were selected. Four groups were identified: titanium plate without flaps, titanium plate covered by soft tissue flap, bone tissue flaps and double flaps. We compared patients' characteristics, site of mandibulectomy, type of reconstruction and complications.Results4697 patients were reported. The groups were not homogeneous regarding the type of defect and the treatment history. A significant difference in terms of post-operative complications was found between group 1 and group 2 (p < 0.00001), and between group 2 and group 3 (p < 0.00001). Total complications rate for group 4 was significantly higher when compared to group 3 (p < 0.00001), but no significant difference was found with group 2.ConclusionThese results suggest that mandibular reconstruction using a microvascular bone flap is the best surgical option in patients without significant comorbidities.
2023
280
3953
3965
Molteni G.; Gazzini L.; Sacchetto A.; Nocini R.; Comini L.V.; Arietti V.; Locatello L.G.; Mannelli G.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1345113
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