Understanding how microbial communities survive in extreme environmental pressure is critical for interpreting ecological patterns and microbial diversity. Great Gobi A Strictly Protected Area represents an intriguing model for studying the bacterial community since it is a protected and intact wild area of the Mongolian desert. In this work, the composition of a bacterial community of the soil from four oases was characterized by extracting total DNA and sequencing through the Illumina NovaSeq platform. In addition, the soil’s chemical and physical properties were determined, and their influence on shaping the microbial communities was evaluated. The results showed a high variability of bacterial composition among oases. Moreover, combining specific chemical and physical parameters significantly shapes the bacterial community among oases. Data obtained suggested that the oases were highly variable in physiochemical parameters and bacterial communities despite the similar extreme climate conditions. Moreover, core functional microbiome were constituted by aerobic chemoheterotrophy and chemoheterotrophy, mainly contributed by the most abundant bacteria, such as Actinobacteriota, Pseudomonadota, and Firmicutes. This result supposes a metabolic flexibility for sustaining life in deserts. Furthermore, as the inhabitants of the extreme regions are likely to produce new chemical compounds, isolation of key taxa is thus encouraged.

The Great Gobi A Strictly Protected Area: Characterization of Soil Bacterial Communities from Four Oases / Esposito, Antonia; Del Duca, Sara; Vitali, Francesco; Bigiotti, Gaia; Mocali, Stefano; Semenzato, Giulia; Papini, Alessio; Santini, Giacomo; Mucci, Nadia; Padula, Anna; Greco, Claudia; Nasanbat, Battogtokh; Davaakhuu, Gantulga; Bazarragchaa, Munkhtsetseg; Riga, Francesco; Augugliaro, Claudio; Cecchi, Lorenzo; Fani, Renato; Zaccaroni, Marco. - In: MICROORGANISMS. - ISSN 2076-2607. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:(2024), pp. 1-16. [10.3390/microorganisms12020320]

The Great Gobi A Strictly Protected Area: Characterization of Soil Bacterial Communities from Four Oases

Esposito, Antonia;Del Duca, Sara;Bigiotti, Gaia;Mocali, Stefano;Semenzato, Giulia;Papini, Alessio;Santini, Giacomo;Greco, Claudia;Riga, Francesco;Fani, Renato
;
Zaccaroni, Marco
2024

Abstract

Understanding how microbial communities survive in extreme environmental pressure is critical for interpreting ecological patterns and microbial diversity. Great Gobi A Strictly Protected Area represents an intriguing model for studying the bacterial community since it is a protected and intact wild area of the Mongolian desert. In this work, the composition of a bacterial community of the soil from four oases was characterized by extracting total DNA and sequencing through the Illumina NovaSeq platform. In addition, the soil’s chemical and physical properties were determined, and their influence on shaping the microbial communities was evaluated. The results showed a high variability of bacterial composition among oases. Moreover, combining specific chemical and physical parameters significantly shapes the bacterial community among oases. Data obtained suggested that the oases were highly variable in physiochemical parameters and bacterial communities despite the similar extreme climate conditions. Moreover, core functional microbiome were constituted by aerobic chemoheterotrophy and chemoheterotrophy, mainly contributed by the most abundant bacteria, such as Actinobacteriota, Pseudomonadota, and Firmicutes. This result supposes a metabolic flexibility for sustaining life in deserts. Furthermore, as the inhabitants of the extreme regions are likely to produce new chemical compounds, isolation of key taxa is thus encouraged.
2024
12
1
16
Esposito, Antonia; Del Duca, Sara; Vitali, Francesco; Bigiotti, Gaia; Mocali, Stefano; Semenzato, Giulia; Papini, Alessio; Santini, Giacomo; Mucci, Nadia; Padula, Anna; Greco, Claudia; Nasanbat, Battogtokh; Davaakhuu, Gantulga; Bazarragchaa, Munkhtsetseg; Riga, Francesco; Augugliaro, Claudio; Cecchi, Lorenzo; Fani, Renato; Zaccaroni, Marco
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