Background: Transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) activation is implicated in neuropathic pain-like symptoms. However, whether TRPA1 is solely implicated in pain-signaling or contributes to neuroinflammation in multiple sclerosis (MS) is unknown. Here, we evaluated the TRPA1 role in neuroinflammation underlying pain-like symptoms using two different models of MS. Methods: Using a myelin antigen, Trpa1(+)(/+) or Trpa1(-)(/-) female mice developed relapsing-remitting experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (RR-EAE) (Quil A as adjuvant) or progressive experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (PMS)-EAE (complete Freund's adjuvant). The locomotor performance, clinical scores, mechanical/cold allodynia, and neuroinflammatory MS markers were evaluated. Results: Mechanical and cold allodynia detected in RR-EAE, or PMS-EAE Trpa1(+)(/+) mice, were not observed in Trpa1(-)(/-) mice. The increased number of cells labeled for ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule 1 (Iba1) or glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), two neuroinflammatory markers in the spinal cord observed in both RR-EAE or PMS-EAE Trpa1(+)(/+) mice, was reduced in Trpa1(-)(/-) mice. By Olig2 marker and luxol fast blue staining, prevention of the demyelinating process in Trpa1(-)(/-) induced mice was also detected. Conclusions: Present results indicate that the proalgesic role of TRPA1 in EAE mouse models is primarily mediated by its ability to promote spinal neuroinflammation and further strengthen the channel inhibition to treat neuropathic pain in MS.

Neuropathic-like Nociception and Spinal Cord Neuroinflammation Are Dependent on the TRPA1 Channel in Multiple Sclerosis Models in Mice / Dalenogare, Diéssica Padilha; Souza Monteiro de Araújo, Daniel; Landini, Lorenzo; Titiz, Mustafa; De Siena, Gaetano; De Logu, Francesco; Geppetti, Pierangelo; Nassini, Romina; Trevisan, Gabriela. - In: CELLS. - ISSN 2073-4409. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:(2023), pp. 1511.0-1511.0. [10.3390/cells12111511]

Neuropathic-like Nociception and Spinal Cord Neuroinflammation Are Dependent on the TRPA1 Channel in Multiple Sclerosis Models in Mice

Landini, Lorenzo;Titiz, Mustafa;De Siena, Gaetano;De Logu, Francesco;Geppetti, Pierangelo;Nassini, Romina;Trevisan, Gabriela
2023

Abstract

Background: Transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) activation is implicated in neuropathic pain-like symptoms. However, whether TRPA1 is solely implicated in pain-signaling or contributes to neuroinflammation in multiple sclerosis (MS) is unknown. Here, we evaluated the TRPA1 role in neuroinflammation underlying pain-like symptoms using two different models of MS. Methods: Using a myelin antigen, Trpa1(+)(/+) or Trpa1(-)(/-) female mice developed relapsing-remitting experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (RR-EAE) (Quil A as adjuvant) or progressive experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (PMS)-EAE (complete Freund's adjuvant). The locomotor performance, clinical scores, mechanical/cold allodynia, and neuroinflammatory MS markers were evaluated. Results: Mechanical and cold allodynia detected in RR-EAE, or PMS-EAE Trpa1(+)(/+) mice, were not observed in Trpa1(-)(/-) mice. The increased number of cells labeled for ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule 1 (Iba1) or glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), two neuroinflammatory markers in the spinal cord observed in both RR-EAE or PMS-EAE Trpa1(+)(/+) mice, was reduced in Trpa1(-)(/-) mice. By Olig2 marker and luxol fast blue staining, prevention of the demyelinating process in Trpa1(-)(/-) induced mice was also detected. Conclusions: Present results indicate that the proalgesic role of TRPA1 in EAE mouse models is primarily mediated by its ability to promote spinal neuroinflammation and further strengthen the channel inhibition to treat neuropathic pain in MS.
2023
12
0
0
Goal 3: Good health and well-being
Dalenogare, Diéssica Padilha; Souza Monteiro de Araújo, Daniel; Landini, Lorenzo; Titiz, Mustafa; De Siena, Gaetano; De Logu, Francesco; Geppetti, Pierangelo; Nassini, Romina; Trevisan, Gabriela
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1351172
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