: The NEET proteins, an important family of iron-sulfur (Fe-S) proteins, have generated a strong interest due to their involvement in diverse diseases such as cancer, diabetes and neurodegenerative disorders. Among the human NEET proteins, CISD3 has been the least studied, and its functional role is still largely unknown. We have investigated the biochemical features of CISD3 at the atomic and in cellulo levels upon challenge with different stress conditions i.e., iron deficiency, exposure to hydrogen peroxide and nitric oxide. The redox and cellular stability properties of the protein agree on a predominance of reduced form of CISD3 in the cells. Upon the addition of iron chelators, CISD3 loses its Fe-S clusters and becomes unstructured, and its cellular level drastically decreases. Chemical shift perturbation measurements suggest that, upon cluster oxidation, the protein undergoes a conformational change at the C-terminal CDGSH domain, which determines the instability of the oxidized state. This redox-associated conformational change may be the source of cooperative electron transfer via the two [Fe2S2] clusters in CISD3, which displays a single sharp voltammetric signal at -31 mV vs SHE. Oxidized CISD3 is particularly sensitive to the presence of hydrogen peroxide in vitro, whereas only the reduced form is able to bind nitric oxide. Paramagnetic NMR provides clear evidence that, upon NO binding, the cluster is disassembled but iron ions are still bound to the protein. Accordingly, in cellulo CISD3 is unaffected by oxidative stress induced by hydrogen peroxide but it becomes highly unstable in response to nitric oxide treatment.

Biochemical and cellular characterization of the CISD3 protein: molecular bases of cluster release and destabilizing effects of nitric oxide / Grifagni, Deborah; Silva, José Malanho; Querci, Leonardo; Lepoivre, Michel; Vallières, Cindy; Louro, Ricardo O.; Banci, Lucia; Piccioli, Mario; Golinelli-Cohen, Marie-Pierre; Cantini, Francesca. - In: THE JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0021-9258. - ELETTRONICO. - 300:(2024), pp. 105745.0-105745.0. [10.1016/j.jbc.2024.105745]

Biochemical and cellular characterization of the CISD3 protein: molecular bases of cluster release and destabilizing effects of nitric oxide

Grifagni, Deborah;Querci, Leonardo;Banci, Lucia;Piccioli, Mario;Cantini, Francesca
2024

Abstract

: The NEET proteins, an important family of iron-sulfur (Fe-S) proteins, have generated a strong interest due to their involvement in diverse diseases such as cancer, diabetes and neurodegenerative disorders. Among the human NEET proteins, CISD3 has been the least studied, and its functional role is still largely unknown. We have investigated the biochemical features of CISD3 at the atomic and in cellulo levels upon challenge with different stress conditions i.e., iron deficiency, exposure to hydrogen peroxide and nitric oxide. The redox and cellular stability properties of the protein agree on a predominance of reduced form of CISD3 in the cells. Upon the addition of iron chelators, CISD3 loses its Fe-S clusters and becomes unstructured, and its cellular level drastically decreases. Chemical shift perturbation measurements suggest that, upon cluster oxidation, the protein undergoes a conformational change at the C-terminal CDGSH domain, which determines the instability of the oxidized state. This redox-associated conformational change may be the source of cooperative electron transfer via the two [Fe2S2] clusters in CISD3, which displays a single sharp voltammetric signal at -31 mV vs SHE. Oxidized CISD3 is particularly sensitive to the presence of hydrogen peroxide in vitro, whereas only the reduced form is able to bind nitric oxide. Paramagnetic NMR provides clear evidence that, upon NO binding, the cluster is disassembled but iron ions are still bound to the protein. Accordingly, in cellulo CISD3 is unaffected by oxidative stress induced by hydrogen peroxide but it becomes highly unstable in response to nitric oxide treatment.
2024
300
0
0
Grifagni, Deborah; Silva, José Malanho; Querci, Leonardo; Lepoivre, Michel; Vallières, Cindy; Louro, Ricardo O.; Banci, Lucia; Piccioli, Mario; Golinelli-Cohen, Marie-Pierre; Cantini, Francesca
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1352000
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