The medaka fish (Oryzias latipes) is a vertebrate model used in developmental biology and genetics. Here we explore its suitability as a model for investigating the molecular mechanisms of human myopathies caused by mutations in sarcomeric proteins. To this end, the relevant mechanical parameters of the intact skeletal muscle of wild-type medaka are determined using the transparent tail at larval stage 40. Tails were mounted at sarcomere length of 2.1 μm in a thermoregulated trough containing physiological solution. Tetanic contractions were elicited at physiological temperature (10°C-30°C) by electrical stimulation, and sarcomere length changes were recorded with nanometer-microsecond resolution during both isometric and isotonic contractions with a striation follower. The force output has been normalized for the actual fraction of the cross section of the tail occupied by the myofilament lattice, as established with transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and then for the actual density of myofilaments, as established with X-ray diffraction. Under these conditions, the mechanical performance of the contracting muscle of the wild-type larva can be defined at the level of the half-thick filament, where ∼300 myosin motors work in parallel as a collective motor, allowing a detailed comparison with the established performance of the skeletal muscle of different vertebrates. The results of this study point out that the medaka fish larva is a suitable model for the investigation of the genotype/phenotype correlations and therapeutic possibilities in skeletal muscle diseases caused by mutations in sarcomeric proteins.NEW & NOTEWORTHY The suitability of the medaka fish as a model for investigating the molecular mechanisms of human myopathies caused by mutations of sarcomeric proteins is tested by combining structural analysis and sarcomere-level mechanics of the skeletal muscle of the tail of medaka larva. The mechanical performance of the medaka muscle, scaled at the level of the myosin-containing thick filament, together with its reduced genome duplication makes this model unique for investigations of the genotype/phenotype correlations in human myopathies.

Sarcomere level mechanics of the fast skeletal muscle of the medaka fish larva / Marcello M.; Cetrangolo V.; Morotti I.; Squarci C.; Caremani M.; Reconditi M.; Savarese M.; Bianco P.; Piazzesi G.; Lombardi V.; Udd B.; Conte I.; Nigro V.; Linari M.. - In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 1522-1563. - STAMPA. - 326:(2024), pp. C632-C644. [10.1152/ajpcell.00530.2023]

Sarcomere level mechanics of the fast skeletal muscle of the medaka fish larva

Cetrangolo V.;Morotti I.;Squarci C.;Caremani M.;Reconditi M.;Bianco P.;Piazzesi G.;Linari M.
2024

Abstract

The medaka fish (Oryzias latipes) is a vertebrate model used in developmental biology and genetics. Here we explore its suitability as a model for investigating the molecular mechanisms of human myopathies caused by mutations in sarcomeric proteins. To this end, the relevant mechanical parameters of the intact skeletal muscle of wild-type medaka are determined using the transparent tail at larval stage 40. Tails were mounted at sarcomere length of 2.1 μm in a thermoregulated trough containing physiological solution. Tetanic contractions were elicited at physiological temperature (10°C-30°C) by electrical stimulation, and sarcomere length changes were recorded with nanometer-microsecond resolution during both isometric and isotonic contractions with a striation follower. The force output has been normalized for the actual fraction of the cross section of the tail occupied by the myofilament lattice, as established with transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and then for the actual density of myofilaments, as established with X-ray diffraction. Under these conditions, the mechanical performance of the contracting muscle of the wild-type larva can be defined at the level of the half-thick filament, where ∼300 myosin motors work in parallel as a collective motor, allowing a detailed comparison with the established performance of the skeletal muscle of different vertebrates. The results of this study point out that the medaka fish larva is a suitable model for the investigation of the genotype/phenotype correlations and therapeutic possibilities in skeletal muscle diseases caused by mutations in sarcomeric proteins.NEW & NOTEWORTHY The suitability of the medaka fish as a model for investigating the molecular mechanisms of human myopathies caused by mutations of sarcomeric proteins is tested by combining structural analysis and sarcomere-level mechanics of the skeletal muscle of the tail of medaka larva. The mechanical performance of the medaka muscle, scaled at the level of the myosin-containing thick filament, together with its reduced genome duplication makes this model unique for investigations of the genotype/phenotype correlations in human myopathies.
2024
326
C632
C644
Marcello M.; Cetrangolo V.; Morotti I.; Squarci C.; Caremani M.; Reconditi M.; Savarese M.; Bianco P.; Piazzesi G.; Lombardi V.; Udd B.; Conte I.; Nigro V.; Linari M.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1352991
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