Purpose: The aim of this work is the development and characterization of a model observer (MO) based on convolutional neural networks (CNNs), trained to mimic human observers in image evaluation in terms of detection and localization of low-contrast objects in CT scans acquired on a reference phantom. The final goal is automatic image quality evaluation and CT protocol optimization to fulfill the ALARA principle.Approach: Preliminary work was carried out to collect localization confidence ratings of human observers for signal presence/absence from a dataset of 30,000 CT images acquired on a PolyMethyl MethAcrylate phantom containing inserts filled with iodinated contrast media at different concentrations. The collected data were used to generate the labels for the training of the artificial neural networks. We developed and compared two CNN architectures based respectively on Unet and MobileNetV2, specifically adapted to achieve the double tasks of classification and localization. The CNN evaluation was performed by computing the area under localization-ROC curve (LAUC) and accuracy metrics on the test dataset.Results: The mean of absolute percentage error between the LAUC of the human observer and MO was found to be below 5% for the most significative test data subsets. An elevated inter-rater agreement was achieved in terms of S-statistics and other common statistical indices.Conclusions: Very good agreement was measured between the human observer and MO, as well as between the performance of the two algorithms. Therefore, this work is highly supportive of the feasibility of employing CNN-MO combined with a specifically designed phantom for CT protocol optimization programs.

UNet and MobileNet CNN-based model observers for CT protocol optimization: comparative performance evaluation by means of phantom CT images / Valeri, Federico; Bartolucci, Maurizio; Cantoni, Elena; Carpi, Roberto; Cisbani, Evaristo; Cupparo, Ilaria; Doria, Sandra; Gori, Cesare; Grigioni, Mauro; Lasagni, Lorenzo; Marconi, Alessandro; Mazzoni, Lorenzo Nicola; Miele, Vittorio; Pradella, Silvia; Risaliti, Guido; Sanguineti, Valentina; Sona, Diego; Vannucchi, Letizia; Taddeucci, Adriana. - In: JOURNAL OF MEDICAL IMAGING. - ISSN 2329-4302. - ELETTRONICO. - 10:(2023), pp. S11904.0-S11904.0. [10.1117/1.jmi.10.s1.s11904]

UNet and MobileNet CNN-based model observers for CT protocol optimization: comparative performance evaluation by means of phantom CT images

Valeri, Federico;Cantoni, Elena;Cupparo, Ilaria;Doria, Sandra;Gori, Cesare;Lasagni, Lorenzo;Marconi, Alessandro;Mazzoni, Lorenzo Nicola;Risaliti, Guido;Taddeucci, Adriana
2023

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this work is the development and characterization of a model observer (MO) based on convolutional neural networks (CNNs), trained to mimic human observers in image evaluation in terms of detection and localization of low-contrast objects in CT scans acquired on a reference phantom. The final goal is automatic image quality evaluation and CT protocol optimization to fulfill the ALARA principle.Approach: Preliminary work was carried out to collect localization confidence ratings of human observers for signal presence/absence from a dataset of 30,000 CT images acquired on a PolyMethyl MethAcrylate phantom containing inserts filled with iodinated contrast media at different concentrations. The collected data were used to generate the labels for the training of the artificial neural networks. We developed and compared two CNN architectures based respectively on Unet and MobileNetV2, specifically adapted to achieve the double tasks of classification and localization. The CNN evaluation was performed by computing the area under localization-ROC curve (LAUC) and accuracy metrics on the test dataset.Results: The mean of absolute percentage error between the LAUC of the human observer and MO was found to be below 5% for the most significative test data subsets. An elevated inter-rater agreement was achieved in terms of S-statistics and other common statistical indices.Conclusions: Very good agreement was measured between the human observer and MO, as well as between the performance of the two algorithms. Therefore, this work is highly supportive of the feasibility of employing CNN-MO combined with a specifically designed phantom for CT protocol optimization programs.
2023
10
0
0
Goal 3: Good health and well-being
Valeri, Federico; Bartolucci, Maurizio; Cantoni, Elena; Carpi, Roberto; Cisbani, Evaristo; Cupparo, Ilaria; Doria, Sandra; Gori, Cesare; Grigioni, Mau...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1356313
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