Probiotics (PRO) are known to modulate immunity in animals and human subjects and to inhibit colon carcinogenesis in experimental models, but the effects of synbiotics (SYN) are not well understood. Therefore, the effects of PRO (Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG and Bifidobacterium lactis Bb12), PRE (inulin-based enriched with oligofructose, 100 g/kg) and SYN (combination of PRO and PRE) on the immune system of rats were investigated in the azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colon cancer model. After 33 weeks, rats with and without AOM treatment were killed and immune cells were isolated from spleen, mesenterial lymph nodes (MLN) and Peyer's patches (PP). AOM treatment significantly reduced natural killer (NK) cell-like cytotoxicity in control rats and in PRO- and PRE-supplemented rats. SYN supplementation prevented the AOM-induced suppression of NK cell-like cytotoxicity in PP compared with control rats (P<0.01). SYN and PRE supplementation stimulated IL-10 production in PP in these rats (P<0.01) and in MLN of rats not treated with AOM (P<0.05). Interferon-gamma production in PP was decreased by PRO supplementation (PRO and SYN groups combined; P<0.05). Proliferative responsiveness of lymphocytes (PP) from AOM-treated rats was suppressed in SYN-supplemented rats (P<0.01). Overall, SYN supplementation in carcinogen-treated rats primarily modulated immune functions in the PP, coinciding with a reduced number of colon tumours. PRE and PRO provided in combination as SYN may contribute to the suppression of colon carcinogenesis by modulating the gut-associated lymphoid tissue.

INTESTINAL IMMUNITY OF RATS WITH COLON CANCER IS MODULATED BY OLIGOFRUCTOSE-ENRICHE INULIN COMBINED WITH LACTOBACILLUS RHAMNOSSUS AND BIFIDOBACTERIUM LACTIS / A. FEMIA; G. CADERNI; R. ; M. ; G. RECHKEMMER. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. - ISSN 0007-1145. - STAMPA. - 92(2004), pp. 931-938.

INTESTINAL IMMUNITY OF RATS WITH COLON CANCER IS MODULATED BY OLIGOFRUCTOSE-ENRICHE INULIN COMBINED WITH LACTOBACILLUS RHAMNOSSUS AND BIFIDOBACTERIUM LACTIS.

CADERNI, GIOVANNA;
2004

Abstract

Probiotics (PRO) are known to modulate immunity in animals and human subjects and to inhibit colon carcinogenesis in experimental models, but the effects of synbiotics (SYN) are not well understood. Therefore, the effects of PRO (Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG and Bifidobacterium lactis Bb12), PRE (inulin-based enriched with oligofructose, 100 g/kg) and SYN (combination of PRO and PRE) on the immune system of rats were investigated in the azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colon cancer model. After 33 weeks, rats with and without AOM treatment were killed and immune cells were isolated from spleen, mesenterial lymph nodes (MLN) and Peyer's patches (PP). AOM treatment significantly reduced natural killer (NK) cell-like cytotoxicity in control rats and in PRO- and PRE-supplemented rats. SYN supplementation prevented the AOM-induced suppression of NK cell-like cytotoxicity in PP compared with control rats (P<0.01). SYN and PRE supplementation stimulated IL-10 production in PP in these rats (P<0.01) and in MLN of rats not treated with AOM (P<0.05). Interferon-gamma production in PP was decreased by PRO supplementation (PRO and SYN groups combined; P<0.05). Proliferative responsiveness of lymphocytes (PP) from AOM-treated rats was suppressed in SYN-supplemented rats (P<0.01). Overall, SYN supplementation in carcinogen-treated rats primarily modulated immune functions in the PP, coinciding with a reduced number of colon tumours. PRE and PRO provided in combination as SYN may contribute to the suppression of colon carcinogenesis by modulating the gut-associated lymphoid tissue.
92
931
938
A. FEMIA; G. CADERNI; R. ; M. ; G. RECHKEMMER
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in FLORE sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2158/15351
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 105
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 82
social impact