ABSTRACT - Traditional Doppler methods measure only the axial component of the velocity vector. The lack of information on the beam-flow angle creates an ambiguity that can lead to large errors in velocity magnitude estimates. Different triangulation techniques so far have been proposed, which basically perform multiple measurements of the Doppler frequency shift originating from the same region. In this work, an original approach is introduced, in which two ultrasound beams with known relative orientation are directed toward the same vessel, but only one of them is committed to perform a Doppler measurement; the second (reference) beam has the specific task of detecting the beam-flow angle. The latter goal is obtained by accurately identifying the achievement of the target 90 degree reference-beam-to-flow angle through the inspection of the backscattered Doppler signal spectrum. In transverse flow conditions, in fact, such spectrum is expected to be centered on the zero frequency, and even small deviations from the desired 90 degree orientation cause noticeable losses of spectral symmetry. Validation of the new method has been performed through experimental tests, which show that the beam-flow angle can be estimated with high accuracy (rms errors lower than 1 degree), and repeatable velocity magnitude measurements are possible. A procedure for automatically tracking the desired orientation by the reference beam is also introduced and shown suitable for implementation in steerable linear array transducers. The method described in this paper has been the object of US Patent N. 7.591.787

Accurate Doppler angle estimation for vector flow measurements / P. Tortoli; G. Bambi; S. Ricci. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ULTRASONICS FERROELECTRICS AND FREQUENCY CONTROL. - ISSN 0885-3010. - STAMPA. - 53:(2006), pp. 1425-1531. [10.1109/TUFFC.2006.1665099]

Accurate Doppler angle estimation for vector flow measurements

TORTOLI, PIERO;BAMBI, GIACOMO;RICCI, STEFANO
2006

Abstract

ABSTRACT - Traditional Doppler methods measure only the axial component of the velocity vector. The lack of information on the beam-flow angle creates an ambiguity that can lead to large errors in velocity magnitude estimates. Different triangulation techniques so far have been proposed, which basically perform multiple measurements of the Doppler frequency shift originating from the same region. In this work, an original approach is introduced, in which two ultrasound beams with known relative orientation are directed toward the same vessel, but only one of them is committed to perform a Doppler measurement; the second (reference) beam has the specific task of detecting the beam-flow angle. The latter goal is obtained by accurately identifying the achievement of the target 90 degree reference-beam-to-flow angle through the inspection of the backscattered Doppler signal spectrum. In transverse flow conditions, in fact, such spectrum is expected to be centered on the zero frequency, and even small deviations from the desired 90 degree orientation cause noticeable losses of spectral symmetry. Validation of the new method has been performed through experimental tests, which show that the beam-flow angle can be estimated with high accuracy (rms errors lower than 1 degree), and repeatable velocity magnitude measurements are possible. A procedure for automatically tracking the desired orientation by the reference beam is also introduced and shown suitable for implementation in steerable linear array transducers. The method described in this paper has been the object of US Patent N. 7.591.787
53
1425
1531
P. Tortoli; G. Bambi; S. Ricci
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/224828
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