Background: Natural or synthetic ligands of Toll-like receptors (TLRs), such as CpG-containing oligodeoxynucleotides and imidazoquinolines, affect the functional phenotype of antigenspecific human T lymphocytes by inducing cytokine release by cells of the innate immunity. Objective: In vitro investigation of the ability of substitute adenines (SAs) to affect antigen-presenting cells and shift the functional phenotype of specific human TH2 cells was performed. Methods: The functional profile of hapten- and allergen-specific T-cell lines obtained in the absence or presence of modified adenines was assessed by means of quantitative real-time PCR, flow cytometry, and ELISAs. Activation of TLRs was evaluated by means of nucleofection of HEK293 cells. Results: The synthetic heterocycle, chemically related to adenine with substitution in positions 2-, 8-, and 9- (SA-2), but not its related derivative lacking 2- and 8- substitutions, stimulated the production of high amounts of IL-12, IL-10, TNF-a, and IL-6 by CD14 cells and IFN-a and CXCL10 by blood dendritic cell antigen (BDCA)-4 plasmacytoid dendritic cells. A nuclear factor kB–dependent signaling pathway mediated by SA-2 ligation of TLR7 was responsible for these effects. SA-2 also redirected the in vitro differentiation of either Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus group 1 or amoxicillin-specific TH2 cells toward the TH1/TH0 phenotype, with parallel downregulation of GATA-3 and upregulation of T-box expressed in T cells transcription factors. Conclusion: Critical substitutions of the adenine backbone confer the ability to activate TLR7, inducing the production of modulatory cytokines able to shift human allergen-specific TH2 cells to a TH1/TH0 phenotype. Clinical implications: Appropriately modified adenines might be used as effective adjuvants for the development of novel immunotherapeutic strategies of allergic disorders. (J Allergy Clin Immunol 2006;118:511-7.)

Redirection of allergen-specific Th2 responses by a modified adenine through Toll-like receptor 7 interaction and IL-12/IFN release / L. FILI'; S. FERRI; F. GUARNA; S. SAMPOGNARO; C. MANUELLI; F. LIOTTA; L. COSMI; A. MATUCCI; A. VULTAGGIO; F. ANNUNZIATO; E. MAGGI; A. GUARNA; S. ROMAGNANI; P. PARRONCHI. - In: JOURNAL OF ALLERGY AND CLINICAL IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 0091-6749. - STAMPA. - 118:(2006), pp. 511-517.

Redirection of allergen-specific Th2 responses by a modified adenine through Toll-like receptor 7 interaction and IL-12/IFN release

FILI', LUCIA;SAMPOGNARO, SALVATORE;MANUELLI, CINZIA;LIOTTA, FRANCESCO;COSMI, LORENZO;A. VULTAGGIO;ANNUNZIATO, FRANCESCO;MAGGI, ENRICO;GUARNA, ANTONIO;ROMAGNANI, SERGIO;PARRONCHI, PAOLA
2006

Abstract

Background: Natural or synthetic ligands of Toll-like receptors (TLRs), such as CpG-containing oligodeoxynucleotides and imidazoquinolines, affect the functional phenotype of antigenspecific human T lymphocytes by inducing cytokine release by cells of the innate immunity. Objective: In vitro investigation of the ability of substitute adenines (SAs) to affect antigen-presenting cells and shift the functional phenotype of specific human TH2 cells was performed. Methods: The functional profile of hapten- and allergen-specific T-cell lines obtained in the absence or presence of modified adenines was assessed by means of quantitative real-time PCR, flow cytometry, and ELISAs. Activation of TLRs was evaluated by means of nucleofection of HEK293 cells. Results: The synthetic heterocycle, chemically related to adenine with substitution in positions 2-, 8-, and 9- (SA-2), but not its related derivative lacking 2- and 8- substitutions, stimulated the production of high amounts of IL-12, IL-10, TNF-a, and IL-6 by CD14 cells and IFN-a and CXCL10 by blood dendritic cell antigen (BDCA)-4 plasmacytoid dendritic cells. A nuclear factor kB–dependent signaling pathway mediated by SA-2 ligation of TLR7 was responsible for these effects. SA-2 also redirected the in vitro differentiation of either Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus group 1 or amoxicillin-specific TH2 cells toward the TH1/TH0 phenotype, with parallel downregulation of GATA-3 and upregulation of T-box expressed in T cells transcription factors. Conclusion: Critical substitutions of the adenine backbone confer the ability to activate TLR7, inducing the production of modulatory cytokines able to shift human allergen-specific TH2 cells to a TH1/TH0 phenotype. Clinical implications: Appropriately modified adenines might be used as effective adjuvants for the development of novel immunotherapeutic strategies of allergic disorders. (J Allergy Clin Immunol 2006;118:511-7.)
2006
118
511
517
L. FILI'; S. FERRI; F. GUARNA; S. SAMPOGNARO; C. MANUELLI; F. LIOTTA; L. COSMI; A. MATUCCI; A. VULTAGGIO; F. ANNUNZIATO; E. MAGGI; A. GUARNA; S. ROMAGNANI; P. PARRONCHI
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/255791
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