We evaluated hepatitis B virus DNA and hepatitis C virus RNA in sera from 110 HBsAg and IgM HBc antibody-negative heavy drinkers (50 cirrhosis, 13 chronic active hepatitis, 25 fatty liver with or without mild to moderate fibrosis, alcoholic hepatitis or both and 22 healthy alcoholic subjects) with polymerase chain reaction. Results of hepatitis C virus polymerase chain reaction were compared with those obtained with two tests (second generation recombinant immunoblot assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) used to detect hepatitis C virus antibodies. Hepatitis B virus DNA was found in three (2.7%) patients. Hepatitis C virus RNA was detected in 29 (29.8%) of the 97 subjects whose sera were well preserved for RNA extraction (42.5% cirrhosis, 83.3% chronic active hepatitis, 8% fatty liver and 0% healthy alcoholic subjects). Results obtained with second-generation recombinant immunoblot assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay had a high degree of agreement with polymerase chain reaction as expected, the kappa indexes being 0.76 and 0.61, respectively. Nevertheless, five hepatitis C virus RNA-positive patients had negative recombinant immunoblot assay results, whereas all hepatitis C virus RNA-positive patients had positive or borderline enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay results. We conclude that, in Italian HBsAg-negative alcoholic patients, "inapparent" hepatitis B virus infection is rare. On the contrary, hepatitis C virus infection, as detected on hepatitis C virus polymerase chain reaction, is quite frequent, especially in patients who have cirrhosis and chronic active hepatitis.

"Inapparent" hepatitis B virus infection and hepatitis C virus replication in alcoholic subjects with and without liver disease / A.L. Zignego; M. Foschi G. Laffi; M. Monti; G. Careccia; R.G. Romanelli; E. De Majo; R. Mazzanti; G. Buzzelli; G.La Villa; P. Gentilini.. - In: HEPATOLOGY. - ISSN 0270-9139. - STAMPA. - 19(3):(1994), pp. 577-582.

"Inapparent" hepatitis B virus infection and hepatitis C virus replication in alcoholic subjects with and without liver disease

ZIGNEGO, ANNA LINDA;MONTI, MONICA;CARECCIA, GRAZIA;ROMANELLI, ROBERTO GIULIO;MAZZANTI, ROBERTO;BUZZELLI, GIAMPIERO;LA VILLA, GIORGIO;
1994

Abstract

We evaluated hepatitis B virus DNA and hepatitis C virus RNA in sera from 110 HBsAg and IgM HBc antibody-negative heavy drinkers (50 cirrhosis, 13 chronic active hepatitis, 25 fatty liver with or without mild to moderate fibrosis, alcoholic hepatitis or both and 22 healthy alcoholic subjects) with polymerase chain reaction. Results of hepatitis C virus polymerase chain reaction were compared with those obtained with two tests (second generation recombinant immunoblot assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) used to detect hepatitis C virus antibodies. Hepatitis B virus DNA was found in three (2.7%) patients. Hepatitis C virus RNA was detected in 29 (29.8%) of the 97 subjects whose sera were well preserved for RNA extraction (42.5% cirrhosis, 83.3% chronic active hepatitis, 8% fatty liver and 0% healthy alcoholic subjects). Results obtained with second-generation recombinant immunoblot assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay had a high degree of agreement with polymerase chain reaction as expected, the kappa indexes being 0.76 and 0.61, respectively. Nevertheless, five hepatitis C virus RNA-positive patients had negative recombinant immunoblot assay results, whereas all hepatitis C virus RNA-positive patients had positive or borderline enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay results. We conclude that, in Italian HBsAg-negative alcoholic patients, "inapparent" hepatitis B virus infection is rare. On the contrary, hepatitis C virus infection, as detected on hepatitis C virus polymerase chain reaction, is quite frequent, especially in patients who have cirrhosis and chronic active hepatitis.
19(3)
577
582
A.L. Zignego; M. Foschi G. Laffi; M. Monti; G. Careccia; R.G. Romanelli; E. De Majo; R. Mazzanti; G. Buzzelli; G.La Villa; P. Gentilini.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/337070
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