Real-time PCR Analysis of RNA Extracted From Formalin-fixed and Paraffin-embeded Tissues: Effects of the Fixation on Outcome Reliability Francesca Castiglione, MD,* Duccio Rossi Degl’Innocenti, BS,* Antonio Taddei, MD,w Francesca Garbini, MD,* Anna Maria Buccoliero, MD,* Maria Rosaria Raspollini, MD,* Monica Pepi, BS,* Milena Paglierani, BS,* Grazia Asirelli, BS,* Giancarlo Freschi, MD,w Paolo Bechi, MD,w and Gian Luigi Taddei, MD* Abstract: In many pathologic circumstances, quantitative mRNA expression levels are important for evaluation of possible genome mutations. The development of real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) technology has facilitated the realization of nucleic acid quantification. Potentially, quantitative PCR offers a number of advantages over traditional methods because it permits the use of small amounts of genetic material. In the present study, we optimize a RNA purification technique on specimens that are formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded and we examine prolonged formalin fixation effects on quantitative RT-PCR analysis. We compared RNA levels with 70 colic mucosa samples using the cyclooxygenase 2 gene as marker. The difference in amplification successes between formalin-fixed tissues and formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues was not statistically significant. Moreover, we compared the expression of formalin-fixed samples with the expression of each fresh tissue. Wilcoxon Mann-Whitney test shows that only the difference in the expression levels of 1- or 3- hour formalin-fixed samples is not statistically significant with respect to other fixation times. We found that the mRNA can be reliably extracted from formalin fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections but that prolonged formalin fixation produces different results in quantitative RT-PCR. It can be related to difference in RNA sequences length and the generation of secondary structures that are more susceptible to the prolonged formalin fixation. We suppose that the paraffin do not influence the RNA extraction yield because there are no statistical significant differences between amplification success of formalin-fixed tissues and paraffin-embedded tissues. Therefore, in relative expression quantization, we confirm that it is appropriate to use specimens with same protocols and time for formalin fixation. (Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol 2007;15:338–342)

Real-time PCR analysis of RNA extracted from formalin-fixed and paraffin-embeded tissues: effects of the fixation on outcome reliability / Castiglione F.; Degl'Innocenti D.R.; Taddei A.; Garbini F.; Buccoliero AM.; Raspollini M.R.; Pepi M.; Paglierani M.; Asirelli G.; Freschi G.; Bechi P.; Taddei G.L.. - In: APPLIED IMMUNOHISTOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR MORPHOLOGY. - ISSN 1541-2016. - STAMPA. - 15:(2007), pp. 338-342. [10.1097/01.pai.0000213119.81343.7b]

Real-time PCR analysis of RNA extracted from formalin-fixed and paraffin-embeded tissues: effects of the fixation on outcome reliability.

CASTIGLIONE, FRANCESCA;ROSSI DEGL'INNOCENTI, DUCCIO;TADDEI, ANTONIO;PEPI, MONICA;FRESCHI, GIANCARLO;BECHI, PAOLO;TADDEI, GIAN LUIGI
2007

Abstract

Real-time PCR Analysis of RNA Extracted From Formalin-fixed and Paraffin-embeded Tissues: Effects of the Fixation on Outcome Reliability Francesca Castiglione, MD,* Duccio Rossi Degl’Innocenti, BS,* Antonio Taddei, MD,w Francesca Garbini, MD,* Anna Maria Buccoliero, MD,* Maria Rosaria Raspollini, MD,* Monica Pepi, BS,* Milena Paglierani, BS,* Grazia Asirelli, BS,* Giancarlo Freschi, MD,w Paolo Bechi, MD,w and Gian Luigi Taddei, MD* Abstract: In many pathologic circumstances, quantitative mRNA expression levels are important for evaluation of possible genome mutations. The development of real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) technology has facilitated the realization of nucleic acid quantification. Potentially, quantitative PCR offers a number of advantages over traditional methods because it permits the use of small amounts of genetic material. In the present study, we optimize a RNA purification technique on specimens that are formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded and we examine prolonged formalin fixation effects on quantitative RT-PCR analysis. We compared RNA levels with 70 colic mucosa samples using the cyclooxygenase 2 gene as marker. The difference in amplification successes between formalin-fixed tissues and formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues was not statistically significant. Moreover, we compared the expression of formalin-fixed samples with the expression of each fresh tissue. Wilcoxon Mann-Whitney test shows that only the difference in the expression levels of 1- or 3- hour formalin-fixed samples is not statistically significant with respect to other fixation times. We found that the mRNA can be reliably extracted from formalin fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections but that prolonged formalin fixation produces different results in quantitative RT-PCR. It can be related to difference in RNA sequences length and the generation of secondary structures that are more susceptible to the prolonged formalin fixation. We suppose that the paraffin do not influence the RNA extraction yield because there are no statistical significant differences between amplification success of formalin-fixed tissues and paraffin-embedded tissues. Therefore, in relative expression quantization, we confirm that it is appropriate to use specimens with same protocols and time for formalin fixation. (Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol 2007;15:338–342)
2007
15
338
342
Castiglione F.; Degl'Innocenti D.R.; Taddei A.; Garbini F.; Buccoliero AM.; Raspollini M.R.; Pepi M.; Paglierani M.; Asirelli G.; Freschi G.; Bechi P.; Taddei G.L.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/359927
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