Increasing evidence indicates that cell surfaces are early interaction sites for Abeta-derived diffusible ligands (ADDLs) and neurons in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. Our previous data showed significant oxidative damage at the plasma membrane in fibroblasts from familial AD patients with enhanced Abeta production. Here, we report that lipid rafts, ordered membrane microdomains, are chronic mediators of Abeta-induced lipid peroxidation in SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells overexpressing amyloid precursor protein (APPwt) and APPV717G genes and in fibroblasts bearing the APPV717I gene mutation. Confocal microscope analysis showed that Abeta-oxidised rafts recruit more ADDLs than corresponding domains in control cells, triggering a further increase in membrane lipid peroxidation and loss of membrane integrity. Moreover, amyloid pickup at the oxidative-damaged domains was prevented by enhanced cholesterol levels, anti-ganglioside (GM1) antibodies, the B subunit of cholera toxin and lipid raft structure alteration. An enhanced structural rigidity of the detergent-resistant domains, isolated from APPwt and APPV717G cells and exposed to ADDLs, indicates a specific perturbation of raft physicochemical features in cells facing increased amyloid assembly at the membrane surface. These data identify lipid rafts as key mediators of oxidative damage as a result of their ability to recruit aggregates to the cell surface.

Lipid rafts are primary mediators of amyloid oxidative attack on plasma membrane / Zampagni M; Evangelisti E; Cascella R; Liguri G; Becatti M; Pensalfini A; Uberti D; Cenini G; Memo M; Bagnoli S; Nacmias B; Sorbi S; Cecchi C.. - In: JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR MEDICINE. - ISSN 0946-2716. - STAMPA. - 88(2010), pp. 597-608. [10.1007/s00109-010-0603-8]

Lipid rafts are primary mediators of amyloid oxidative attack on plasma membrane

ZAMPAGNI, MARIAGIOIA;EVANGELISTI, ELISA;CASCELLA, ROBERTA;LIGURI, GIANFRANCO;BECATTI, MATTEO;PENSALFINI, ANNA;BAGNOLI, SILVIA;NACMIAS, BENEDETTA;SORBI, SANDRO;CECCHI, CRISTINA
2010

Abstract

Increasing evidence indicates that cell surfaces are early interaction sites for Abeta-derived diffusible ligands (ADDLs) and neurons in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. Our previous data showed significant oxidative damage at the plasma membrane in fibroblasts from familial AD patients with enhanced Abeta production. Here, we report that lipid rafts, ordered membrane microdomains, are chronic mediators of Abeta-induced lipid peroxidation in SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells overexpressing amyloid precursor protein (APPwt) and APPV717G genes and in fibroblasts bearing the APPV717I gene mutation. Confocal microscope analysis showed that Abeta-oxidised rafts recruit more ADDLs than corresponding domains in control cells, triggering a further increase in membrane lipid peroxidation and loss of membrane integrity. Moreover, amyloid pickup at the oxidative-damaged domains was prevented by enhanced cholesterol levels, anti-ganglioside (GM1) antibodies, the B subunit of cholera toxin and lipid raft structure alteration. An enhanced structural rigidity of the detergent-resistant domains, isolated from APPwt and APPV717G cells and exposed to ADDLs, indicates a specific perturbation of raft physicochemical features in cells facing increased amyloid assembly at the membrane surface. These data identify lipid rafts as key mediators of oxidative damage as a result of their ability to recruit aggregates to the cell surface.
88
597
608
Zampagni M; Evangelisti E; Cascella R; Liguri G; Becatti M; Pensalfini A; Uberti D; Cenini G; Memo M; Bagnoli S; Nacmias B; Sorbi S; Cecchi C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2158/386510
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