The contractile properties of muscle fibres have been extensively investigated by fast perturbation in sarcomere length to define the mechanical characteristics of myofilaments and myosin heads that underpin refined models of the acto-myosin cycle. Comparison of published data from intact fast-twitch fibres of frog muscle and demembranated fibres from fast muscle of rabbit shows that stiffness of the rabbit myosin head is only ∼62% of that in frog. To clarify if and how much the mechanical characteristics of the filaments and myosin heads vary in muscles of different animals we apply the same high resolution mechanical methods, in combination with X-ray diffraction, to fast-twitch fibres from the dogfish (Scyliorhinus canicula). The values of equivalent filament compliance (Cf ) measured by X-ray diffraction and in mechanical experiments are not significantly different; the best estimate from combining these values is 17.1±1.0 nmMPa−1. This value is larger than Cf in frog, 13.0±0.4 nmMPa−1. The longer thin filaments in dogfish account for only part of this difference. The average isometric force exerted by each attachedmyosin head at 5◦C, 4.5 pN, and the maximumsliding distance accounted for by the myosin working stroke, 11 nm, are similar to those in frog, while the averagemyosin head stiffness of dogfish (1.98±0.31 pN nm−1) is smaller than that of frog (2.78±0.30 pN nm−1). Taken together these results indicate that the working stroke responsible for the generation of isometric force is a larger fraction of the total myosin head working stroke in the dogfish than in the frog.

Mechanics of myosin function in white muscle fibres of the dogfish Scyliorhinus canicula / S. Park-Holohan; M. Linari; M. Reconditi; L. Fusi; E. Brunello; M. Irving; M. Dolfi; V. Lombardi; T.G. West; N.A. Curtin; R.C. Woledge; G. Piazzesi. - In: THE JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-3751. - STAMPA. - 590:(2012), pp. 1973-1988. [10.1113/jphysiol.2011.217133]

Mechanics of myosin function in white muscle fibres of the dogfish Scyliorhinus canicula

LINARI, MARCO;RECONDITI, MASSIMO;BRUNELLO, ELISABETTA;DOLFI, MARIO;LOMBARDI, VINCENZO;PIAZZESI, GABRIELLA
2012

Abstract

The contractile properties of muscle fibres have been extensively investigated by fast perturbation in sarcomere length to define the mechanical characteristics of myofilaments and myosin heads that underpin refined models of the acto-myosin cycle. Comparison of published data from intact fast-twitch fibres of frog muscle and demembranated fibres from fast muscle of rabbit shows that stiffness of the rabbit myosin head is only ∼62% of that in frog. To clarify if and how much the mechanical characteristics of the filaments and myosin heads vary in muscles of different animals we apply the same high resolution mechanical methods, in combination with X-ray diffraction, to fast-twitch fibres from the dogfish (Scyliorhinus canicula). The values of equivalent filament compliance (Cf ) measured by X-ray diffraction and in mechanical experiments are not significantly different; the best estimate from combining these values is 17.1±1.0 nmMPa−1. This value is larger than Cf in frog, 13.0±0.4 nmMPa−1. The longer thin filaments in dogfish account for only part of this difference. The average isometric force exerted by each attachedmyosin head at 5◦C, 4.5 pN, and the maximumsliding distance accounted for by the myosin working stroke, 11 nm, are similar to those in frog, while the averagemyosin head stiffness of dogfish (1.98±0.31 pN nm−1) is smaller than that of frog (2.78±0.30 pN nm−1). Taken together these results indicate that the working stroke responsible for the generation of isometric force is a larger fraction of the total myosin head working stroke in the dogfish than in the frog.
2012
590
1973
1988
S. Park-Holohan; M. Linari; M. Reconditi; L. Fusi; E. Brunello; M. Irving; M. Dolfi; V. Lombardi; T.G. West; N.A. Curtin; R.C. Woledge; G. Piazzesi
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/645194
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