Somaclones both selected and not selected for tolerance to the triazine herbicide atrazine were used to compare tissue culture-induced variability in the presence or absence of stress. Two types of repeated sequences (rDNA and a randomly cloned, anonymous sequence) were analysed both qualitatively and quantitatively, and overall genome variation was assessed by RAPDs. Multiplicity differences were found for the two sequences both between the tolerant and susceptible group and within each group with respect to leaf DNA, but no qualitative differences were detected with either RFLPs orRAPDs. Moreover, we investigated whether stress-induced variation in the atrazine target gene, the chloroplast psbA gene, was responsible for herbicide tolerance by analysing two possible resistance mechanisms: the presence of a specfic point mutation in the gene and its amplification and/or increased expression. Some somaclones were shown to be a mosaic for psbA gene mutation, but the number of cells or plastid genomes involved seemed too low to account for tolerance in the whole tissue. Atrazine tolerance could then be due to an increase in the number of plastids/plastid genomes or/and to a permanent response to respiration inhibition whose basis is, up to now, unknown.

Analisi della variabilità somaclonale in presenza ed assenza di pressione selettiva in Nicotiana tabacum e Chenopodium album / P.P. Bettini. - (1989).

Analisi della variabilità somaclonale in presenza ed assenza di pressione selettiva in Nicotiana tabacum e Chenopodium album

BETTINI, PRISCILLA PAOLA
1989

Abstract

Somaclones both selected and not selected for tolerance to the triazine herbicide atrazine were used to compare tissue culture-induced variability in the presence or absence of stress. Two types of repeated sequences (rDNA and a randomly cloned, anonymous sequence) were analysed both qualitatively and quantitatively, and overall genome variation was assessed by RAPDs. Multiplicity differences were found for the two sequences both between the tolerant and susceptible group and within each group with respect to leaf DNA, but no qualitative differences were detected with either RFLPs orRAPDs. Moreover, we investigated whether stress-induced variation in the atrazine target gene, the chloroplast psbA gene, was responsible for herbicide tolerance by analysing two possible resistance mechanisms: the presence of a specfic point mutation in the gene and its amplification and/or increased expression. Some somaclones were shown to be a mosaic for psbA gene mutation, but the number of cells or plastid genomes involved seemed too low to account for tolerance in the whole tissue. Atrazine tolerance could then be due to an increase in the number of plastids/plastid genomes or/and to a permanent response to respiration inhibition whose basis is, up to now, unknown.
Marcello Buiatti
ITALIA
P.P. Bettini
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/650742
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