A study is reported in which the significance for vision of low- and high-spatial-frequency components of photographic positive and negative images was investigated by measuring recognition of bandpass-filtered photographs of faces. The results show that a 1.5 octave bandpass-filtered image contains sufficient visual information for good recognition performance, provided the filter is centred close to 20 cycles facewidth-1. At low spatial frequencies negatives are more difficult to recognize than positives, but at high spatial frequencies there is no difference in recognition, implying that it is the low-frequency components of negatives which present difficulties for the visual system.
Recognition of Positive and Negative Bandpass-filtered Images / T. HAYES;M. C. MORRONE;D. C. BURR. - In: PERCEPTION. - ISSN 0301-0066. - STAMPA. - 15:(1986), pp. 595-602. [10.1068/p150595]