Artemisinin (qinghaosu), a unique endoperoxide sesquiterpene lactone isolated from Artemisia annua L., is a very active antimalarial drug, including severe and cerebral malaria. However, its therapeutical efficacy is limited due to its scarce bioavailability. In this article, artemisinin-loaded conventional and polyethylene glycol (PEGylated) liposomes were proposed as carriers to increase biopharmaceutical properties of the drug. Encapsulation efficacy was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography/diode array detection/electrospray ionization–mass spectrometry, dimensional analysis was performed by dynamic light scattering, and morphology was performed by trasmission electron microscopy. After dialysis, both liposomal formulations showed an encapsulation efficacy of more than 70%; mean diameter of all the artemisinin-loaded vesicles was approximately 130–140 nm. The polydispersity index of the formulations ranged from 0.2 to 0.3 and resulted as suitable for intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration. Pharmacokinetic profile and the main pharmacokinetic parameters of the carriers were evaluated in healthy mice i.p. Free artemisinin was rapidly cleared from plasma and hardly detected 1 hour after administration. Conversely, both liposomal formulations showed much longer blood-circulation time than free artemisinin; artemisinin was still detectable after 3 and 24 hours of administration, respectively, for conventional and PEGylated liposomes. AUC0–24h values were increased by approximately 6 times in both of the liposomal formulations, in comparison with free artemisinin. A strong effect of formulation on the half-life of artemisinin was enhanced by more than 5-fold by the incorporation of PEG into liposomes. Liposomes loaded with artemisinin, especially the long-circulating vesicles, could really represent a new strategy for developing smart, well-tolerated, and efficacious therapeutic nanocarriers to treat tumors, but could also be very useful to treat parasitic disease.

Conventional and long-circulating liposomes of artemisinin: preparation, characterization, and pharmacokinetic profile in mice / Benedetta Isacchi; Silvia Arrigucci; Giancarlo la Marca; Maria Camilla Bergonzi; Maria Giuliana Vannucchi; Andrea Novelli; Anna Rita Bilia. - In: JOURNAL OF LIPOSOME RESEARCH. - ISSN 0898-2104. - ELETTRONICO. - 21:(2011), pp. 237-244.

Conventional and long-circulating liposomes of artemisinin: preparation, characterization, and pharmacokinetic profile in mice

Benedetta Isacchi;Silvia Arrigucci;Giancarlo la Marca;Maria Camilla Bergonzi;Maria Giuliana Vannucchi;Andrea Novelli;Anna Rita Bilia
2011

Abstract

Artemisinin (qinghaosu), a unique endoperoxide sesquiterpene lactone isolated from Artemisia annua L., is a very active antimalarial drug, including severe and cerebral malaria. However, its therapeutical efficacy is limited due to its scarce bioavailability. In this article, artemisinin-loaded conventional and polyethylene glycol (PEGylated) liposomes were proposed as carriers to increase biopharmaceutical properties of the drug. Encapsulation efficacy was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography/diode array detection/electrospray ionization–mass spectrometry, dimensional analysis was performed by dynamic light scattering, and morphology was performed by trasmission electron microscopy. After dialysis, both liposomal formulations showed an encapsulation efficacy of more than 70%; mean diameter of all the artemisinin-loaded vesicles was approximately 130–140 nm. The polydispersity index of the formulations ranged from 0.2 to 0.3 and resulted as suitable for intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration. Pharmacokinetic profile and the main pharmacokinetic parameters of the carriers were evaluated in healthy mice i.p. Free artemisinin was rapidly cleared from plasma and hardly detected 1 hour after administration. Conversely, both liposomal formulations showed much longer blood-circulation time than free artemisinin; artemisinin was still detectable after 3 and 24 hours of administration, respectively, for conventional and PEGylated liposomes. AUC0–24h values were increased by approximately 6 times in both of the liposomal formulations, in comparison with free artemisinin. A strong effect of formulation on the half-life of artemisinin was enhanced by more than 5-fold by the incorporation of PEG into liposomes. Liposomes loaded with artemisinin, especially the long-circulating vesicles, could really represent a new strategy for developing smart, well-tolerated, and efficacious therapeutic nanocarriers to treat tumors, but could also be very useful to treat parasitic disease.
2011
21
237
244
Goal 3: Good health and well-being
Benedetta Isacchi; Silvia Arrigucci; Giancarlo la Marca; Maria Camilla Bergonzi; Maria Giuliana Vannucchi; Andrea Novelli; Anna Rita Bilia
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/779504
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