Abstract Carbonic anhydrases (CAs) are widespread and the most studied members of a great family of metalloenzymes in higher vertebrates including humans. CAs were investigated for their inhibition of all of the catalytically active mammalian isozymes of the Zn(2+)-containing CA, (CA, EC 184.108.40.206). On the other hand, acetylcholinesterase (AChE. EC 220.127.116.11), a serine protease, is responsible for ACh hydrolysis and plays a fundamental role in impulse transmission by terminating the action of the neurotransmitter ACh at the cholinergic synapses and neuromuscular junction. In the present study, the inhibition effect of the hydroquinone (benzene-1,4-diol) on AChE activity was evaluated and effectively inhibited AChE with Ki of 1.22 nM. Also, hydroquinone strongly inhibited some human cytosolic CA isoenzymes (hCA I and II) and tumour-associated transmembrane isoforms (hCA IX, and XII), with Kis in the range between micromolar (415.81 μM) and nanomolar (706.79 nM). The best inhibition was observed in cytosolic CA II.
The impact of hydroquinone on acetylcholine esterase and certain human carbonic anhydrase isoenzymes (hCA I, II, IX, and XII) / A. Scozzafava;P. Kalın;C. T. Supuran;İ. Gülçin;S. H. Alwasel. - In: JOURNAL OF ENZYME INHIBITION AND MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 1475-6366. - STAMPA. - 14:(2015), pp. 1-6. [10.3109/14756366.2014.999236]