OBJECTIVE: SOX3 is located on the long arm of the X chromosome (Xq27.1) and both the under- and over-expression of this gene have been reported in cases of hypopituitarism with or without intellectual disabilities. Nevertheless, only a few cases have as yet been extensively described. DESIGN: A 3-year 11 month-old male was brought in for growth failure (height -2.4 SDS). The patient was born at term of a second uneventful pregnancy by caesarean section for podalic presentation: the birth weight (0.1 SDS), length (0.4 SDS), and head circumference (-0.3 SDS) were normal. Neurodevelopmental delays and ocular motor dyspraxia had been noted since 6 months of age. The endocrinological evaluation showed a very low IGF-I concentration (44 μg/L). The thyroid hormone level was normal and coeliac disease markers were negative. Bone age was considerably delayed. Target height was normal (0.5 SDS). RESULTS: Growth hormone stimulation tests were compatible with a classic GHD, while a brain MRI disclosed a pituitary hypoplasia with ectopic neurohypophysis. rhGH treatment was then begun and the auxological follow-up showed a good response. At the age of 9 yrs, the height was 0.3 SDS, the weight was 0.1 SDS, and the pubertal evaluation was PH1 AH1 T2 ml bilaterally. Due to the presence of neuromotor delays and MRI abnormalities, a genetic evaluation was conducted and an array-CGH of the patient’s DNA discovered an Xq26.3-27.3 duplication comprising the SOX3 gene. CONCLUSIONS: SOX3 involvement should be considered in a male with short stature due to GH deficiency associated with intellectual disability.

A SOX3 (Xq26.3-27.3) duplication in a boy with growth hormone deficiency, ocular dyspraxia, and intellectual disability: A long-term follow-up and literature review / Stefano, Stagi; Elisabetta, Lapi; Marilena, Pantaleo; Giovanna, Traficante; Sabrina, Giglio; Salvatore, Seminara; Maurizio, de Martino. - In: HORMONES. - ISSN 1109-3099. - ELETTRONICO. - 13:(2014), pp. 552-560. [10.14310/horm.2002.1523]

A SOX3 (Xq26.3-27.3) duplication in a boy with growth hormone deficiency, ocular dyspraxia, and intellectual disability: A long-term follow-up and literature review.

STAGI, STEFANO;GIGLIO, SABRINA RITA;SEMINARA, SALVATORE;DE MARTINO, MAURIZIO
2014

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: SOX3 is located on the long arm of the X chromosome (Xq27.1) and both the under- and over-expression of this gene have been reported in cases of hypopituitarism with or without intellectual disabilities. Nevertheless, only a few cases have as yet been extensively described. DESIGN: A 3-year 11 month-old male was brought in for growth failure (height -2.4 SDS). The patient was born at term of a second uneventful pregnancy by caesarean section for podalic presentation: the birth weight (0.1 SDS), length (0.4 SDS), and head circumference (-0.3 SDS) were normal. Neurodevelopmental delays and ocular motor dyspraxia had been noted since 6 months of age. The endocrinological evaluation showed a very low IGF-I concentration (44 μg/L). The thyroid hormone level was normal and coeliac disease markers were negative. Bone age was considerably delayed. Target height was normal (0.5 SDS). RESULTS: Growth hormone stimulation tests were compatible with a classic GHD, while a brain MRI disclosed a pituitary hypoplasia with ectopic neurohypophysis. rhGH treatment was then begun and the auxological follow-up showed a good response. At the age of 9 yrs, the height was 0.3 SDS, the weight was 0.1 SDS, and the pubertal evaluation was PH1 AH1 T2 ml bilaterally. Due to the presence of neuromotor delays and MRI abnormalities, a genetic evaluation was conducted and an array-CGH of the patient’s DNA discovered an Xq26.3-27.3 duplication comprising the SOX3 gene. CONCLUSIONS: SOX3 involvement should be considered in a male with short stature due to GH deficiency associated with intellectual disability.
2014
13
552
560
Stefano, Stagi; Elisabetta, Lapi; Marilena, Pantaleo; Giovanna, Traficante; Sabrina, Giglio; Salvatore, Seminara; Maurizio, de Martino
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/972190
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