Intensive fish farming relies on the use of feeds based on fish meal and oil as optimal ingredients; however, further development of the aquaculture sector needs new, nutritious and sustainable ingredients. According to the concept of circular economy, insects represent good candidates as aquafeed ingredients since they can be cultured through environmental-friendly, cost-effective farming processes, on by-products/wastes, and many studies have recently been published about their inclusion in fish feed. However, information about the physiological effects of insect-based diets over the whole life cycle of fish is presently missing. At this regard, the present study investigated, for the first time, the effects of Black Soldier Fly based diets (25 and 50% fish meal substitution) administration for a six months period in zebrafish (Danio rerio), from larvae to adults. A multidisciplinary approach, including biometric, biochemical, histological, spectroscopic and molecular analyses was applied. Aside a general reduction in fish growth and lipid steatosis, six-months feeding on Black Soldier Fly based diets did not show major negative effects on zebrafish. Gut histological analysis on intestine samples did not show signs of inflammation and both stress markers and immune response markers did not show significant differences among the experimental groups.

A six-months study on Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia illucens) based diets in zebrafish / Zarantoniello, Matteo; Randazzo, Basilio; Truzzi, Cristina; Giorgini, Elisabetta; Marcellucci, Claudia; Vargas-Abúndez, Jorge Arturo; Zimbelli, Andrea; Annibaldi, Anna; Parisi, Giuliana; Tulli, Francesca; Riolo, Paola; Olivotto, Ike. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - ELETTRONICO. - 9:(2019), pp. 1-12. [10.1038/s41598-019-45172-5]

A six-months study on Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia illucens) based diets in zebrafish

Parisi, Giuliana;
2019

Abstract

Intensive fish farming relies on the use of feeds based on fish meal and oil as optimal ingredients; however, further development of the aquaculture sector needs new, nutritious and sustainable ingredients. According to the concept of circular economy, insects represent good candidates as aquafeed ingredients since they can be cultured through environmental-friendly, cost-effective farming processes, on by-products/wastes, and many studies have recently been published about their inclusion in fish feed. However, information about the physiological effects of insect-based diets over the whole life cycle of fish is presently missing. At this regard, the present study investigated, for the first time, the effects of Black Soldier Fly based diets (25 and 50% fish meal substitution) administration for a six months period in zebrafish (Danio rerio), from larvae to adults. A multidisciplinary approach, including biometric, biochemical, histological, spectroscopic and molecular analyses was applied. Aside a general reduction in fish growth and lipid steatosis, six-months feeding on Black Soldier Fly based diets did not show major negative effects on zebrafish. Gut histological analysis on intestine samples did not show signs of inflammation and both stress markers and immune response markers did not show significant differences among the experimental groups.
2019
9
1
12
Goal 2: Zero hunger
Goal 12: Responsible consumption and production
Zarantoniello, Matteo; Randazzo, Basilio; Truzzi, Cristina; Giorgini, Elisabetta; Marcellucci, Claudia; Vargas-Abúndez, Jorge Arturo; Zimbelli, Andrea; Annibaldi, Anna; Parisi, Giuliana; Tulli, Francesca; Riolo, Paola; Olivotto, Ike
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1157933
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