A large series of different ion channels have been identified and investigated as potential targets for new medicines for the treatment of a variety of human diseases, including pain. Among these channels, the voltage gated calcium channels (VGCC) are inhibited by drugs for the treatment of migraine, neuropathic pain or intractable pain. Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are emerging as important pain transducers as they sense low pH media or oxidative stress and other mediators and are abundantly found at sites of inflammation or tissue injury. Low pH may also activate acid sensing ion channels (ASIC) and mechanical forces stimulate the PIEZO channels. While potent agonists of TRP channels due to their desensitizing action on pain transmission are used as topical applications, the potential of TRP antagonists as pain therapeutics remains an exciting field of investigation. The study of ASIC or PIEZO channels in pain signaling is in an early stage, whereas antagonism of the purinergic P2X3 channels has been reported to provide beneficial effects in chronic intractable cough. The present chapter covers these intriguing channels in great detail, highlighting their diverse mechanisms and broad potential for therapeutic utility.

Ion channel pharmacology for pain modulation / De Logu F.; Geppetti P.. - ELETTRONICO. - (2019), pp. 161-186. [10.1007/164_2019_336]

Ion channel pharmacology for pain modulation

De Logu F.;Geppetti P.
2019

Abstract

A large series of different ion channels have been identified and investigated as potential targets for new medicines for the treatment of a variety of human diseases, including pain. Among these channels, the voltage gated calcium channels (VGCC) are inhibited by drugs for the treatment of migraine, neuropathic pain or intractable pain. Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are emerging as important pain transducers as they sense low pH media or oxidative stress and other mediators and are abundantly found at sites of inflammation or tissue injury. Low pH may also activate acid sensing ion channels (ASIC) and mechanical forces stimulate the PIEZO channels. While potent agonists of TRP channels due to their desensitizing action on pain transmission are used as topical applications, the potential of TRP antagonists as pain therapeutics remains an exciting field of investigation. The study of ASIC or PIEZO channels in pain signaling is in an early stage, whereas antagonism of the purinergic P2X3 channels has been reported to provide beneficial effects in chronic intractable cough. The present chapter covers these intriguing channels in great detail, highlighting their diverse mechanisms and broad potential for therapeutic utility.
2019
978-3-030-35361-2
978-3-030-35362-9
Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
161
186
De Logu F.; Geppetti P.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1190654
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