Immune response to biologics treatment, while widely reported, yet fails to correlate with clinical outcomes and assay to assay comparison is often not possible. Hence, we developed a new peptide based‐detection assay to stratify pediatric patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) or chronic non‐infectious uveitis (CNU) and monitor anti‐drug antibodies (ADAbs) formed as part of an immune response to treatment with the fully human monoclonal therapeutic antibody Adalimumab. Adalimumab derived synthetic peptides were optimized for maximum immunogenicity and were tested by SP‐ELISA on a development cohort of 18 JIA and CNU treated patients. The two best performing peptides able to differentiate patient groups were selected for evaluation with a larger scale ELISA testing on a total of 29 sera from pediatric patients with JIA or CNU. The results of this peptide‐based assay were compared to an in‐house developed SPR biosensor ADAbs assay and a commercially available bridging ELISA. The first peptide, termed HC3, was able to positively detect ADAbs in 7 out of the 29 sera, while the second peptide, called LC3, was able to detect ADAbs in 11 out of 29 sera in the evaluation group. Following statistical data evaluation, it has been found that the detection of ADAbs using the peptide‐based ELISA assay positively correlates with disease progression and remission. Two synthetic peptides derived from Adalimumab may provide a beneficial tool to clinicians for monitoring patient response to such treatment and taking informed decisions for treatment alternatives.

A peptide-based anti-Adalimumab antibody assay to monitor immune response to biologics treatment in juvenile idiopathic arthritis and childhood chronic non-infectious uveitis / Rusche, Hendrik; Marrani, Edoardo; Real-Fernandez, Feliciana; Ponti, Roberta; Terzani, Francesco; Maccora, Ilaria; Monasson, Olivier; Mastrolia, Maria Vincenza; Peroni, Elisa; Pagnini, Ilaria; Cimaz, Rolando; Papini, Anna Maria; Simonini, Gabriele; Rovero, Paolo. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - ELETTRONICO. - 11:(2021), pp. 1-13. [10.1038/s41598-021-95920-9]

A peptide-based anti-Adalimumab antibody assay to monitor immune response to biologics treatment in juvenile idiopathic arthritis and childhood chronic non-infectious uveitis

Marrani, Edoardo;Real-Fernandez, Feliciana;Maccora, Ilaria;Pagnini, Ilaria;Papini, Anna Maria;Simonini, Gabriele
;
Rovero, Paolo
2021

Abstract

Immune response to biologics treatment, while widely reported, yet fails to correlate with clinical outcomes and assay to assay comparison is often not possible. Hence, we developed a new peptide based‐detection assay to stratify pediatric patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) or chronic non‐infectious uveitis (CNU) and monitor anti‐drug antibodies (ADAbs) formed as part of an immune response to treatment with the fully human monoclonal therapeutic antibody Adalimumab. Adalimumab derived synthetic peptides were optimized for maximum immunogenicity and were tested by SP‐ELISA on a development cohort of 18 JIA and CNU treated patients. The two best performing peptides able to differentiate patient groups were selected for evaluation with a larger scale ELISA testing on a total of 29 sera from pediatric patients with JIA or CNU. The results of this peptide‐based assay were compared to an in‐house developed SPR biosensor ADAbs assay and a commercially available bridging ELISA. The first peptide, termed HC3, was able to positively detect ADAbs in 7 out of the 29 sera, while the second peptide, called LC3, was able to detect ADAbs in 11 out of 29 sera in the evaluation group. Following statistical data evaluation, it has been found that the detection of ADAbs using the peptide‐based ELISA assay positively correlates with disease progression and remission. Two synthetic peptides derived from Adalimumab may provide a beneficial tool to clinicians for monitoring patient response to such treatment and taking informed decisions for treatment alternatives.
2021
11
1
13
Goal 3: Good health and well-being for people
Rusche, Hendrik; Marrani, Edoardo; Real-Fernandez, Feliciana; Ponti, Roberta; Terzani, Francesco; Maccora, Ilaria; Monasson, Olivier; Mastrolia, Maria Vincenza; Peroni, Elisa; Pagnini, Ilaria; Cimaz, Rolando; Papini, Anna Maria; Simonini, Gabriele; Rovero, Paolo
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1241233
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