Diffusion to capture is an ubiquitous phenomenon in many fields of biology and physical chemistry, with implications as diverse as ligand–receptor binding on eukaryotic and bacterial cells, nutrient uptake by colonies of unicellular organisms, and the functioning of complex core–shell nanoreactors. Whenever many boundaries compete for the same diffusing molecules, they inevitably shield a variable part of the molecular flux from each other. This gives rise to the so-called diffusive interactions (DI), which can substantially reduce the influx to a collection of reactive boundaries depending chiefly on their geometrical configuration. In this chapter, we provide a pedagogical discussion of the main mathematical aspects underlying a rigorous account of DIs. Starting from a striking and deep result on the mean-field description of ligand binding to a receptor-covered cell, we develop step-by-step mathematical description of DIs in the stationary case through the use of translational addition theorems for spherical harmonics. We provide several enlightening illustrations of this powerful mathematical theory, including diffusion to capture ensembles of reactive boundaries within a spherical cavity.

Diffusion to Capture and the Concept of Diffusive Interactions / Galanti, Marta; Fanelli, Duccio; Traytak, Sergey D.; Piazza, Francesco. - ELETTRONICO. - (2019), pp. 321-352. [10.1142/9781786347015_0014]

Diffusion to Capture and the Concept of Diffusive Interactions

Galanti, Marta;Fanelli, Duccio;Piazza, Francesco
2019

Abstract

Diffusion to capture is an ubiquitous phenomenon in many fields of biology and physical chemistry, with implications as diverse as ligand–receptor binding on eukaryotic and bacterial cells, nutrient uptake by colonies of unicellular organisms, and the functioning of complex core–shell nanoreactors. Whenever many boundaries compete for the same diffusing molecules, they inevitably shield a variable part of the molecular flux from each other. This gives rise to the so-called diffusive interactions (DI), which can substantially reduce the influx to a collection of reactive boundaries depending chiefly on their geometrical configuration. In this chapter, we provide a pedagogical discussion of the main mathematical aspects underlying a rigorous account of DIs. Starting from a striking and deep result on the mean-field description of ligand binding to a receptor-covered cell, we develop step-by-step mathematical description of DIs in the stationary case through the use of translational addition theorems for spherical harmonics. We provide several enlightening illustrations of this powerful mathematical theory, including diffusion to capture ensembles of reactive boundaries within a spherical cavity.
2019
978-1-78634-700-8
978-1-78634-701-5
Chemical kinetics beyond the textbook
321
352
Galanti, Marta; Fanelli, Duccio; Traytak, Sergey D.; Piazza, Francesco
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1266314
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