Acmella oleracea L. is an edible and medicinal plant commonly known for its local anaesthetic effect induced by the alkylamide spilanthol. It is also rich of secondary metabolites of biological interest, mainly phenolic acids and glycosylated flavonoids. This study evaluated for the first time alkylamides and phenolic compounds in aerial parts and roots of seedlings grown in vitro and produced from single seed and from regenerating lines. The extracts obtained showed similar chemical profiles and the caffeic acid derivatives were the most abundant phenolic compounds. Spilanthol was prevalent in the aerial parts, especially in samples of seedlings obtained from regenerating lines, in which reached maximum value of 1.72 mg/g dried matter (DM). The roots contained a lower content of alkylamides, while showing twice as much total phenols (11.19 mg/g DM) as the aerial parts. A hexane fractionation step allowed to recover spilanthol and its derivatives in a concentrated extract, which reached a value of 63.4 mg/g dried extract in the aerial parts from seedlings from regenerating lines. Hydroalcoholic dried extracts showed high yields (30-45 % on dried matter) and those obtained from aerial parts contained up to 5.69 mg/g of spilanthol.

Acmella oleracea (L.) R.K. Jansen: Alkylamides and phenolic compounds in aerial parts and roots of in vitro seedlings / Bellumori, Maria; Zonfrillo, Beatrice; Maggini, Valentina; Bogani, Patrizia; Gallo, Eugenia; Firenzuoli, Fabio; Mulinacci, Nadia; Innocenti, Marzia. - In: JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL AND BIOMEDICAL ANALYSIS. - ISSN 0731-7085. - ELETTRONICO. - 220:(2022), pp. 1194991-1195000. [10.1016/j.jpba.2022.114991]

Acmella oleracea (L.) R.K. Jansen: Alkylamides and phenolic compounds in aerial parts and roots of in vitro seedlings

Bellumori, Maria;Zonfrillo, Beatrice;Maggini, Valentina;Bogani, Patrizia;Gallo, Eugenia;Firenzuoli, Fabio
;
Mulinacci, Nadia;Innocenti, Marzia
2022

Abstract

Acmella oleracea L. is an edible and medicinal plant commonly known for its local anaesthetic effect induced by the alkylamide spilanthol. It is also rich of secondary metabolites of biological interest, mainly phenolic acids and glycosylated flavonoids. This study evaluated for the first time alkylamides and phenolic compounds in aerial parts and roots of seedlings grown in vitro and produced from single seed and from regenerating lines. The extracts obtained showed similar chemical profiles and the caffeic acid derivatives were the most abundant phenolic compounds. Spilanthol was prevalent in the aerial parts, especially in samples of seedlings obtained from regenerating lines, in which reached maximum value of 1.72 mg/g dried matter (DM). The roots contained a lower content of alkylamides, while showing twice as much total phenols (11.19 mg/g DM) as the aerial parts. A hexane fractionation step allowed to recover spilanthol and its derivatives in a concentrated extract, which reached a value of 63.4 mg/g dried extract in the aerial parts from seedlings from regenerating lines. Hydroalcoholic dried extracts showed high yields (30-45 % on dried matter) and those obtained from aerial parts contained up to 5.69 mg/g of spilanthol.
220
1194991
1195000
Bellumori, Maria; Zonfrillo, Beatrice; Maggini, Valentina; Bogani, Patrizia; Gallo, Eugenia; Firenzuoli, Fabio; Mulinacci, Nadia; Innocenti, Marzia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2158/1279459
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