Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) patients share driver mutations in JAK2, MPL or CALR genes leading to the activation of the thrombopoietin receptor (TPOR) and downstream signaling pathways. JAK2 mutation drives all the three major entities of MPN (Polycythemia Vera, Essential Thrombocythemia and Primary Myelofibrosis) through the constitutive activation of TPOR, erythropoietin (EPOR) and colony stimulating factor 3 receptor (CSF3R) signaling. MPL is a proto-oncogene encoding for TPOR, the hematopoietic growth factor receptor of myeloid stem cells. MPL mutants induce the stable dimerization of TPOR that in turn activate JAK2 and the thrombopoietin pathway. The thrombopoietin pathway plays an important role in the development of megakaryocytes and platelets as well as the self-renewal of hematopoietic stem cells. Little wonder therefore that mutations of MPL result in thrombocytosis, leading to an abnormal MPL trafficking or receptor activation. Finally, some extremely rare germline genetic variants in MPL can induce MPN-like hereditary disease. Against this molecular background, TPOR is a key actor in the MPN development and MPL mutations are of major relevance to fully elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying the clinical manifestations of MPN and to arrange novel therapeutic strategies aiming to disrupt the dysegulated signaling cascade. This chapter will focus on the role MPL in the pathogenesis of MPN and in familial thrombocytosis and will review these different subtypes of somatic and germline genetic variants by dissecting how they impact clinical phenotype.

The MPL mutation / Guglielmelli, Paola; Calabresi, Laura. - ELETTRONICO. - (2021), pp. 163-178. [10.1016/bs.ircmb.2021.09.003]

The MPL mutation

Guglielmelli, Paola
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Calabresi, Laura
Writing – Review & Editing
2021

Abstract

Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) patients share driver mutations in JAK2, MPL or CALR genes leading to the activation of the thrombopoietin receptor (TPOR) and downstream signaling pathways. JAK2 mutation drives all the three major entities of MPN (Polycythemia Vera, Essential Thrombocythemia and Primary Myelofibrosis) through the constitutive activation of TPOR, erythropoietin (EPOR) and colony stimulating factor 3 receptor (CSF3R) signaling. MPL is a proto-oncogene encoding for TPOR, the hematopoietic growth factor receptor of myeloid stem cells. MPL mutants induce the stable dimerization of TPOR that in turn activate JAK2 and the thrombopoietin pathway. The thrombopoietin pathway plays an important role in the development of megakaryocytes and platelets as well as the self-renewal of hematopoietic stem cells. Little wonder therefore that mutations of MPL result in thrombocytosis, leading to an abnormal MPL trafficking or receptor activation. Finally, some extremely rare germline genetic variants in MPL can induce MPN-like hereditary disease. Against this molecular background, TPOR is a key actor in the MPN development and MPL mutations are of major relevance to fully elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying the clinical manifestations of MPN and to arrange novel therapeutic strategies aiming to disrupt the dysegulated signaling cascade. This chapter will focus on the role MPL in the pathogenesis of MPN and in familial thrombocytosis and will review these different subtypes of somatic and germline genetic variants by dissecting how they impact clinical phenotype.
2021
Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms: From origins to new perspectives
163
178
Guglielmelli, Paola; Calabresi, Laura
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1286299
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