Abstract: Background: Training future healthcare professionals on vaccination through specific courses is important to properly promote active immunization among the general population and to fight fake news and false beliefs on vaccinations. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of an elective course about vaccinations on the knowledge of medical students, pharmacy students, and medical resident in Hygiene and Preventive Medicine in Italy. Methods: The participants were asked to complete an anonymous questionnaire before and after an elective teaching activity (ETA) on vaccination. The two questionnaires contained the same 30 questions and focused on different aspects of vaccines and vaccination. The students who had attended the seminar were allowed to fulfil the post-lecture questionnaire. Both descriptive and inferential analysis were performed on the results; in particular, Student’s t-test for independent samples was used to compare the total score obtained before and after attending the ETA. Results: A total of 449 students participated in the ETA. Overall, the participation in the ETA allowed them to significantly improve their final score (+27.28%, p < 0.001). Good results were obtained even when comparing the three groups (medical students, pharmacy students and medical residents) separately. Females improved more than males, especially among pharmacy students. Discussion: The present study highlights the importance and the impact that extracurricular activities can have in improving knowledge about vaccinations. With vaccination and vaccine hesitancy and acceptance topics with increasing attention paid by the population, especially after the COVID-19 pandemic, it is fundamental to develop new strategies to increase future healthcare professionals’ knowledge about vaccinations.

Knowledge of University Students in Health Care Settings on Vaccines and Vaccinations Strategies: Impact Evaluation of a Specific Educational Training Course during the COVID-19 Pandemic Period in Italy / Boccalini, Sara; Vannacci, Alfredo; Crescioli, Giada; Lombardi, Niccolò; Del Riccio, Marco; Albora, Giuseppe; Shtylla, Jonida; Masoni, Marco; Guelfi, Maria Renza; Bonanni, Paolo; Bechini, Angela. - In: VACCINES. - ISSN 2076-393X. - ELETTRONICO. - 10:(2022), pp. 1085-1096. [10.3390/vaccines10071085]

Knowledge of University Students in Health Care Settings on Vaccines and Vaccinations Strategies: Impact Evaluation of a Specific Educational Training Course during the COVID-19 Pandemic Period in Italy

Boccalini, Sara
Conceptualization
;
Vannacci, Alfredo
Conceptualization
;
Crescioli, Giada
Formal Analysis
;
Lombardi, Niccolò
Formal Analysis
;
Del Riccio, Marco
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Albora, Giuseppe
Methodology
;
Shtylla, Jonida
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Masoni, Marco
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Guelfi, Maria Renza
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Bonanni, Paolo
Supervision
;
Bechini, Angela
Conceptualization
2022

Abstract

Abstract: Background: Training future healthcare professionals on vaccination through specific courses is important to properly promote active immunization among the general population and to fight fake news and false beliefs on vaccinations. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of an elective course about vaccinations on the knowledge of medical students, pharmacy students, and medical resident in Hygiene and Preventive Medicine in Italy. Methods: The participants were asked to complete an anonymous questionnaire before and after an elective teaching activity (ETA) on vaccination. The two questionnaires contained the same 30 questions and focused on different aspects of vaccines and vaccination. The students who had attended the seminar were allowed to fulfil the post-lecture questionnaire. Both descriptive and inferential analysis were performed on the results; in particular, Student’s t-test for independent samples was used to compare the total score obtained before and after attending the ETA. Results: A total of 449 students participated in the ETA. Overall, the participation in the ETA allowed them to significantly improve their final score (+27.28%, p < 0.001). Good results were obtained even when comparing the three groups (medical students, pharmacy students and medical residents) separately. Females improved more than males, especially among pharmacy students. Discussion: The present study highlights the importance and the impact that extracurricular activities can have in improving knowledge about vaccinations. With vaccination and vaccine hesitancy and acceptance topics with increasing attention paid by the population, especially after the COVID-19 pandemic, it is fundamental to develop new strategies to increase future healthcare professionals’ knowledge about vaccinations.
10
1085
1096
Goal 3: Good health and well-being
Boccalini, Sara; Vannacci, Alfredo; Crescioli, Giada; Lombardi, Niccolò; Del Riccio, Marco; Albora, Giuseppe; Shtylla, Jonida; Masoni, Marco; Guelfi, Maria Renza; Bonanni, Paolo; Bechini, Angela
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1286385
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