Isocoumarins, isomeric to comarins which act as effective carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) inhibitors, were investigated for the first time as inhibitors of this enzyme. A series of 3-substituted and 3,4-disubstituted isocoumarins incorporating phenylhydrazone, 1-phenyl-pyrazole and pyrazolo-substituted pyrimidine trione/thioxo-pyrimidine dione moieties were investigated for their interaction with four human (h) CA isoforms, hCA I, II, IX and XII, known to be important drug targets. hCA I and II were not inhibited by these compounds, whereas hCA IX and XII were inhibited in the low micromolar range by the less bulky derivatives. The inhibition constants ranged between 2.7-78.9 µM against hCA IX and of 1.2-66.5 µM against hCA XII. As for the coumarins, we hypothesise that the isocoumarins are hydrolysed by the esterase activity of the enzyme with formation of 2-carboxy-phenylacetic aldehydes which act as CA inhibitors. Isocoumarins represent a new class of CA inhibitors.

Isocoumarins: a new class of selective carbonic anhydrase IX and XII inhibitors / Onyılmaz, Mehmet; Koca, Murat; Bonardi, Alessandro; Degirmenci, Mustafa; Supuran, Claudiu T. - In: JOURNAL OF ENZYME INHIBITION AND MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 1475-6374. - ELETTRONICO. - 37:(2022), pp. 743-748. [10.1080/14756366.2022.2041630]

Isocoumarins: a new class of selective carbonic anhydrase IX and XII inhibitors

Bonardi, Alessandro;Supuran, Claudiu T
2022

Abstract

Isocoumarins, isomeric to comarins which act as effective carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) inhibitors, were investigated for the first time as inhibitors of this enzyme. A series of 3-substituted and 3,4-disubstituted isocoumarins incorporating phenylhydrazone, 1-phenyl-pyrazole and pyrazolo-substituted pyrimidine trione/thioxo-pyrimidine dione moieties were investigated for their interaction with four human (h) CA isoforms, hCA I, II, IX and XII, known to be important drug targets. hCA I and II were not inhibited by these compounds, whereas hCA IX and XII were inhibited in the low micromolar range by the less bulky derivatives. The inhibition constants ranged between 2.7-78.9 µM against hCA IX and of 1.2-66.5 µM against hCA XII. As for the coumarins, we hypothesise that the isocoumarins are hydrolysed by the esterase activity of the enzyme with formation of 2-carboxy-phenylacetic aldehydes which act as CA inhibitors. Isocoumarins represent a new class of CA inhibitors.
2022
37
743
748
Onyılmaz, Mehmet; Koca, Murat; Bonardi, Alessandro; Degirmenci, Mustafa; Supuran, Claudiu T
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in FLORE sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1289805
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 12
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 12
social impact