In this essay, I adopt the perspectives of Michel Wieviorka and Michel Foucault, which consider racism to be a feature of modern societies, and I try to show how it persists in contemporary ones, having a structural character. I then examine in more detail some of the main manifestations of structural racism in the United States, Brazil and Europe. Moreover, following Achille Mbembe’s arguments, I discuss how racism maintained the domination of certain social groups in the transition from the colonial to the post-colonial era and how it is necessary today to build up a regime of inequality both globally and within (neo)liberal-democracies. Finally, I argue that, within this framework, anti-racist discourse, especially that promoted by supranational and international institutions, often ends up having a limited impact. On the other hand, affirmative actions promoted by discriminated groups are frequently insufficient. To be effective, both antiracist and affirmative policies must then be linked to a strong revival of 20thcentury “(inter)national constitutionalism”, which focuses on substantial equality and the equal recognition of differences.

Reproducing Hierarchies. Racism from Colonialism to Neoliberalism / Re, Lucia. - STAMPA. - (2023), pp. 11-40. [10.1515/9783110765120-003]

Reproducing Hierarchies. Racism from Colonialism to Neoliberalism

Re, Lucia
2023

Abstract

In this essay, I adopt the perspectives of Michel Wieviorka and Michel Foucault, which consider racism to be a feature of modern societies, and I try to show how it persists in contemporary ones, having a structural character. I then examine in more detail some of the main manifestations of structural racism in the United States, Brazil and Europe. Moreover, following Achille Mbembe’s arguments, I discuss how racism maintained the domination of certain social groups in the transition from the colonial to the post-colonial era and how it is necessary today to build up a regime of inequality both globally and within (neo)liberal-democracies. Finally, I argue that, within this framework, anti-racist discourse, especially that promoted by supranational and international institutions, often ends up having a limited impact. On the other hand, affirmative actions promoted by discriminated groups are frequently insufficient. To be effective, both antiracist and affirmative policies must then be linked to a strong revival of 20thcentury “(inter)national constitutionalism”, which focuses on substantial equality and the equal recognition of differences.
2023
9783110765120
Bioethics and Racism. Practices, Conflicts, Negotiations and Struggles
11
40
Goal 5: Gender equality
Goal 10: Reduced inequalities
Goal 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions
Re, Lucia
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1300681
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