Deep neural networks (DNNs) have become a relevant subject in the classification of radio frequency signals and remote sensing data. A primary challenge is a tradeoff between obtaining data that are suitable for DNN training and the effort that making experimental measurements requires. Hence, the quality and quantity of data used for the training and testing of models are crucial for effective classifier development. The training dataset should cover a wide range of cases that synthesize the actual scenarios being classified. This work proposes a novel data augmentation method based on a deterministic model to generate a simulated dataset of radar micro-Doppler signatures suitable for unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) target classification, without requiring measurement data. It is shown that the DNN trained using the properly generated model-based data offers improved classification accuracy performance. Results are presented for a two-class classification of the number of UAV motors using a 77-GHz frequency-modulated continuous-wave (FMCW) automotive radar system. The effectiveness of the proposed methodology is proven: a classification accuracy of 78.68% is achieved using a convolutional neural network (CNN) trained using the synthetic dataset, while an accuracy of 66.18% is achieved by using a typical signal processing data augmentation method on a limited measured dataset.

Model-Based Data Augmentation Applied to Deep Learning Networks for Classification of Micro-Doppler Signatures Using FMCW Radar / Rojhani, N; Passafiume, M; Sadeghibakhi, M; Collodi, G; Cidronali, A. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES. - ISSN 0018-9480. - ELETTRONICO. - 71:(2023), pp. 2222-2236. [10.1109/TMTT.2023.3231371]

Model-Based Data Augmentation Applied to Deep Learning Networks for Classification of Micro-Doppler Signatures Using FMCW Radar

Rojhani, N
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Passafiume, M
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Collodi, G
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Cidronali, A
Membro del Collaboration Group
2023

Abstract

Deep neural networks (DNNs) have become a relevant subject in the classification of radio frequency signals and remote sensing data. A primary challenge is a tradeoff between obtaining data that are suitable for DNN training and the effort that making experimental measurements requires. Hence, the quality and quantity of data used for the training and testing of models are crucial for effective classifier development. The training dataset should cover a wide range of cases that synthesize the actual scenarios being classified. This work proposes a novel data augmentation method based on a deterministic model to generate a simulated dataset of radar micro-Doppler signatures suitable for unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) target classification, without requiring measurement data. It is shown that the DNN trained using the properly generated model-based data offers improved classification accuracy performance. Results are presented for a two-class classification of the number of UAV motors using a 77-GHz frequency-modulated continuous-wave (FMCW) automotive radar system. The effectiveness of the proposed methodology is proven: a classification accuracy of 78.68% is achieved using a convolutional neural network (CNN) trained using the synthetic dataset, while an accuracy of 66.18% is achieved by using a typical signal processing data augmentation method on a limited measured dataset.
2023
71
2222
2236
Rojhani, N; Passafiume, M; Sadeghibakhi, M; Collodi, G; Cidronali, A
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1305501
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