Growing evidence indicates that brain carbonic anhydrases (CAs) are key modulators in cognition, particularly in recognition and aversive memories. Here we described a role for these enzymes also in social recognition memory (SRM), defined as the ability to identify and recognize a conspecific, a process that is of paramount importance in gregarious species, such as rodents and humans. Male adult Wistar rats were submitted to a social discrimination task and, immediately after the sample phase, received bilateral infusions of vehicle, the CAs activator D-phenylalanine (D-Phen, 50 nmolsiside), the CAs inhibitor acetazolamide (ACTZ; 10 nmolsiside) or the combination of D-Phen and ACTZ directly in the CA1 region of the dorsal hippocampus or in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). Animals were tested 30 min (short-term memory) or 24 h later (long-term memory). We found that inhibition of CAs with infusion of ACTZ either in the CA1 or in the mPFC impaired short-term SRM and that this effect was completely abolished by the combined infusion of D-Phen and ACTZ. We also found that activation of CAs with D-Phen facilitated the consolidation of long-term SRM in the mPFC but not in CA1. Finally, we show that activation of CAs in CA1 and in the mPFC enhances the persistence of SRM for up to 7 days. In both cases, the coinfusion of ACTZ fully prevented D-Phen-induced procognitive effects. These results suggest that CAs are key modulators of SRM and unveil a differential involvement of these enzymes in the mPFC and CA1 on memory consolidation.This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: In memory of Ivan Izquierdo South American pioneer of the Neuroscience of Memory Temporal dynamics and molecular mechanisms. (C) 2022 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Modulation of Carbonic Anhydrases Activity in the Hippocampus or Prefrontal Cortex Differentially Affects Social Recognition Memory in Rats / Scheila Daiane Schmidt, Eduarda Godfried Nachtigall, Lucas Aschidamini Marcondes, André Zanluchi, Cristiane R G Furini, Maria Beatrice Passani, Claudiu T Supuran, Patrizio Blandina, Ivan Izquierdo, Gustavo Provensi, Jociane de Carvalho Myskiw. - In: NEUROSCIENCE. - ISSN 0306-4522. - ELETTRONICO. - 497:(2022), pp. 0-0. [10.1016/j.neuroscience.2022.03.025]

Modulation of Carbonic Anhydrases Activity in the Hippocampus or Prefrontal Cortex Differentially Affects Social Recognition Memory in Rats

Schmidt, Scheila Daiane;Passani, Maria Beatrice;Supuran, Claudiu T;Blandina, Patrizio;Provensi, Gustavo
;
2022

Abstract

Growing evidence indicates that brain carbonic anhydrases (CAs) are key modulators in cognition, particularly in recognition and aversive memories. Here we described a role for these enzymes also in social recognition memory (SRM), defined as the ability to identify and recognize a conspecific, a process that is of paramount importance in gregarious species, such as rodents and humans. Male adult Wistar rats were submitted to a social discrimination task and, immediately after the sample phase, received bilateral infusions of vehicle, the CAs activator D-phenylalanine (D-Phen, 50 nmolsiside), the CAs inhibitor acetazolamide (ACTZ; 10 nmolsiside) or the combination of D-Phen and ACTZ directly in the CA1 region of the dorsal hippocampus or in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). Animals were tested 30 min (short-term memory) or 24 h later (long-term memory). We found that inhibition of CAs with infusion of ACTZ either in the CA1 or in the mPFC impaired short-term SRM and that this effect was completely abolished by the combined infusion of D-Phen and ACTZ. We also found that activation of CAs with D-Phen facilitated the consolidation of long-term SRM in the mPFC but not in CA1. Finally, we show that activation of CAs in CA1 and in the mPFC enhances the persistence of SRM for up to 7 days. In both cases, the coinfusion of ACTZ fully prevented D-Phen-induced procognitive effects. These results suggest that CAs are key modulators of SRM and unveil a differential involvement of these enzymes in the mPFC and CA1 on memory consolidation.This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: In memory of Ivan Izquierdo South American pioneer of the Neuroscience of Memory Temporal dynamics and molecular mechanisms. (C) 2022 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
2022
497
0
0
Scheila Daiane Schmidt, Eduarda Godfried Nachtigall, Lucas Aschidamini Marcondes, André Zanluchi, Cristiane R G Furini, Maria Beatrice Passani, Claudiu T Supuran, Patrizio Blandina, Ivan Izquierdo, Gustavo Provensi, Jociane de Carvalho Myskiw
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1307439
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