Background: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) alterations of the face and of the mouth cause aesthetic modifications and disability, impairing self-esteem and quality of life (QoL). The aim of this study was to verify the effects of two rehabilitation protocols on facial mimic and mouth opening.Methods: A total of 47 SSc patients (40 females and 7 males, mean age +/- SD 59.08 +/- 10.31 years), were consecutively selected: 22 were randomly assigned to protocol 1 [home exercises for temporomandibular joint (TMJ), mimic, masticatory and cervical spine muscles] and 25 to protocol 2 (home exercises and combined physiotherapeutic procedures performed by a physiotherapist). Each treatment had a duration of 12weeks with a follow up of 8weeks. TMJ dysfunction, orofacial involvement, disability, QoL, and safety were assessed at enrollment (T0), at the end of the treatment (T1), and at follow up (T2).Results: Both Protocol 1 and Protocol 2 induced significant improvements of some clinical and clinimetric parameters, but better results were obtained with Protocol 2. In the comparison between the effects of Protocol 1 and Protocol 2 at T1 and T2, a significant difference was observed only for Mouth Handicap in SSc [MHISS; Total (p=0.00178] and for MHISS Mouth opening (p= 0.0098) at T1. No significant difference of indices of short-form 36 was observed.Conclusion: The present data suggest that TMJ involvement in SSc may be managed by rehabilitation treatments. The action of a physiotherapist prescribing and personalizing exercises may induce better therapeutic effects.

Rehabilitation of the face and temporomandibular joint in systemic sclerosis / Maddali Bongi, Susanna; Passalacqua, Mauro; Landi, Giovanna; Mikhaylova, Svetlana; Tofani, Lorenzo; Del Rosso, Angela; El Aoufy, Khadija; Baccini, Marco; Matucci-Cerinic, Marco; Melchiorre, Daniela. - In: THERAPEUTIC ADVANCES IN MUSCULOSKELETAL DISEASE. - ISSN 1759-720X. - ELETTRONICO. - 13:(2021), pp. 1-10. [10.1177/1759720X211020171]

Rehabilitation of the face and temporomandibular joint in systemic sclerosis

Maddali Bongi, Susanna;Passalacqua, Mauro;Landi, Giovanna;Mikhaylova, Svetlana;Tofani, Lorenzo;Del Rosso, Angela;El Aoufy, Khadija;Baccini, Marco;Matucci-Cerinic, Marco;Melchiorre, Daniela
2021

Abstract

Background: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) alterations of the face and of the mouth cause aesthetic modifications and disability, impairing self-esteem and quality of life (QoL). The aim of this study was to verify the effects of two rehabilitation protocols on facial mimic and mouth opening.Methods: A total of 47 SSc patients (40 females and 7 males, mean age +/- SD 59.08 +/- 10.31 years), were consecutively selected: 22 were randomly assigned to protocol 1 [home exercises for temporomandibular joint (TMJ), mimic, masticatory and cervical spine muscles] and 25 to protocol 2 (home exercises and combined physiotherapeutic procedures performed by a physiotherapist). Each treatment had a duration of 12weeks with a follow up of 8weeks. TMJ dysfunction, orofacial involvement, disability, QoL, and safety were assessed at enrollment (T0), at the end of the treatment (T1), and at follow up (T2).Results: Both Protocol 1 and Protocol 2 induced significant improvements of some clinical and clinimetric parameters, but better results were obtained with Protocol 2. In the comparison between the effects of Protocol 1 and Protocol 2 at T1 and T2, a significant difference was observed only for Mouth Handicap in SSc [MHISS; Total (p=0.00178] and for MHISS Mouth opening (p= 0.0098) at T1. No significant difference of indices of short-form 36 was observed.Conclusion: The present data suggest that TMJ involvement in SSc may be managed by rehabilitation treatments. The action of a physiotherapist prescribing and personalizing exercises may induce better therapeutic effects.
2021
13
1
10
Maddali Bongi, Susanna; Passalacqua, Mauro; Landi, Giovanna; Mikhaylova, Svetlana; Tofani, Lorenzo; Del Rosso, Angela; El Aoufy, Khadija; Baccini, Marco; Matucci-Cerinic, Marco; Melchiorre, Daniela
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1311456
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