Identity recognition using 3D scans of the face has been recently proposed as an alternative or complementary solution to conventional 2D face recognition approaches based on still images or videos. In fact, face representations based on 3D data are expected to be more robust to pose changes and illumination variations than 2D images, thus allowing accurate face recognition also in real-world applications with unconstrained acquisition. Based on these premises, in this Chapter we will first introduce the general and main methodologies for 3D face recognition, shortly reviewing the related literature by distinguishing between global and local approaches. Then, we present and discuss two 3D face recognition approaches that are robust to facial expression variations and share the common idea of accounting for the spatial relations between local facial features. In the first approach, the face is partitioned into iso-geodesic stripes and spatial relations are computed by integral measures that capture the relative displacement between the sets of 3D points in each pair of stripes. In the second solution, the face is described by detecting keypoints on the depth map of the face and locally describing them. Then, facial curves on the surface are considered between each pair of keypoints so as to capture the shape of the face along the curve as well as the relational information between keypoints. Future research directions and conclusions are also drawn at the end of the Chapter.

3D Face Recognition using Spatial Relations / S. Berretti; A. Del Bimbo; P. Pala. - STAMPA. - (2014), pp. 98-123. [10.4018/978-1-4666-5966-7.ch005]

3D Face Recognition using Spatial Relations

BERRETTI, STEFANO;DEL BIMBO, ALBERTO;PALA, PIETRO
2014

Abstract

Identity recognition using 3D scans of the face has been recently proposed as an alternative or complementary solution to conventional 2D face recognition approaches based on still images or videos. In fact, face representations based on 3D data are expected to be more robust to pose changes and illumination variations than 2D images, thus allowing accurate face recognition also in real-world applications with unconstrained acquisition. Based on these premises, in this Chapter we will first introduce the general and main methodologies for 3D face recognition, shortly reviewing the related literature by distinguishing between global and local approaches. Then, we present and discuss two 3D face recognition approaches that are robust to facial expression variations and share the common idea of accounting for the spatial relations between local facial features. In the first approach, the face is partitioned into iso-geodesic stripes and spatial relations are computed by integral measures that capture the relative displacement between the sets of 3D points in each pair of stripes. In the second solution, the face is described by detecting keypoints on the depth map of the face and locally describing them. Then, facial curves on the surface are considered between each pair of keypoints so as to capture the shape of the face along the curve as well as the relational information between keypoints. Future research directions and conclusions are also drawn at the end of the Chapter.
1466659661
Face Recognition in Adverse Conditions
98
123
S. Berretti; A. Del Bimbo; P. Pala
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/832704
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