A series of 7-substituted sulfocoumarins and 3,4-dihydrosulfocoumarins was obtained by cyclization of the methanesulfonate of 2,4-dihydroxy- or 2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzaldehyde, followed by derivatization reactions. The new compounds incorporate a range of substituents in position 7 of the heterocyclic ring (hydroxyl, methoxy, carboxylic and alkylsulfonate ester). The compounds were tested for the inhibition of the zinc enzyme human (h) carbonic anhydrase (hCA, EC 4.2.1.1). Unlike the 6-substituted sulfocoumarins which were potent hCA IX and XII inhibitors and ineffective hCA I and II inhibitors, compounds from this series showed low nanomolar hCA II inhibitory properties, and inhibited the mitochondrial isoform hCA VA with KIs in the range of 91-9960 nM, but were ineffective as hCA I, IX and XII inhibitors. The structure activity relationship for this class of inhibitors was rather clear, with the nature of the 7-substituent strongly influencing hCA VA inhibition, whereas the nature of these groups were less relevant for hCA II inhibition (all reported compounds were highly effective hCA II inhibitors, with KIs in the range of 1.5-8.4 nM). Since both hCA II and hCA VA are important drug targets (hCA II for antiglaucoma agents; hCA VA for antiobesity drugs), these isoform-selective inhibitors reported here may be considered of interest for various biomedical applications.

7-Substituted-sulfocoumarins are isoform-selective, potent carbonic anhydrase II inhibitors / M. Tanc;F. Carta;M. Bozdag;A. Scozzafava;C. T. Supuran. - In: BIOORGANIC & MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0968-0896. - STAMPA. - 21(2013), pp. 4502-4510. [10.1016/j.bmc.2013.05.032]

7-Substituted-sulfocoumarins are isoform-selective, potent carbonic anhydrase II inhibitors.

CARTA, FABRIZIO;SCOZZAFAVA, ANDREA;SUPURAN, CLAUDIU TRANDAFIR
2013

Abstract

A series of 7-substituted sulfocoumarins and 3,4-dihydrosulfocoumarins was obtained by cyclization of the methanesulfonate of 2,4-dihydroxy- or 2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzaldehyde, followed by derivatization reactions. The new compounds incorporate a range of substituents in position 7 of the heterocyclic ring (hydroxyl, methoxy, carboxylic and alkylsulfonate ester). The compounds were tested for the inhibition of the zinc enzyme human (h) carbonic anhydrase (hCA, EC 4.2.1.1). Unlike the 6-substituted sulfocoumarins which were potent hCA IX and XII inhibitors and ineffective hCA I and II inhibitors, compounds from this series showed low nanomolar hCA II inhibitory properties, and inhibited the mitochondrial isoform hCA VA with KIs in the range of 91-9960 nM, but were ineffective as hCA I, IX and XII inhibitors. The structure activity relationship for this class of inhibitors was rather clear, with the nature of the 7-substituent strongly influencing hCA VA inhibition, whereas the nature of these groups were less relevant for hCA II inhibition (all reported compounds were highly effective hCA II inhibitors, with KIs in the range of 1.5-8.4 nM). Since both hCA II and hCA VA are important drug targets (hCA II for antiglaucoma agents; hCA VA for antiobesity drugs), these isoform-selective inhibitors reported here may be considered of interest for various biomedical applications.
21
4502
4510
M. Tanc;F. Carta;M. Bozdag;A. Scozzafava;C. T. Supuran
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/846145
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