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|Titolo:||Genetic variability in three Italian beef cattle breeds derived from pedigree information|
|Autori interni:||BOZZI, RICCARDO|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Rivista:||ITALIAN JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE|
|Abstract:||ABSTRACT - The aim of the present work was to estimate genetic variability in Chianina (CH), Marchigiana (MC) and Romagnola (RO) breeds using pedigree information. Different approaches based on probability of identity-by-descent (effective population size through an increase in inbreeding Ne) or probability of gene origin (total number of founders f, effective number of founders fe, ancestors fa and founder genomes fg) were used. Reference populations were defined using female animals born between 1996 and 2000 where both parents are known. Generation intervals were 5.35, 4.93 and 5.15 years for CH, MC and RO, respectively. The total number of founders were 7092, 11947, 3928, for CH, MC and RO, respectively. Complete generation equivalent showed the relative high quality of pedigree information: 5.66 for CH, 4.54 for MC and 4.95 for RO. For CH, MC and RO, respectively, a fe value of 152.1, 70.9 and 89.8, a fa value of 73.6, 48.0 and 59.5 and a fg value of 39.5, 25.0 and 38.5, were calculated. When inbreeding was used effective population sizes were 138, 122 and 124 for CH, MC and RO, respectively. Parameters derived from the probabilities of gene origin were variable among the investigated breeds and the results for MC demonstrate the need to pay specific attention to breeding strategies. Key words: Pedigree analysis, Italian beef cattle, Genetic diversity, Probabilities of gene origin.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1a - Articolo su rivista|
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