In the underwater domain, guaranteeing accurate navigation for an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) is a complex but fundamental task to be achieved. As a matter of fact, only by ensuring a correct AUV localization, it is possible to accomplish surveillance, monitoring, and inspection missions. Most of the navigation filters for AUVs are based on Bayesian estimators, such as the Kalman filter, the extended Kalman filter (EKF), or the unscented Kalman filter (UKF), and employ different instruments, including the Doppler velocity log to perform the localization task. Recently, the use of payload sensors, such as cameras or forward-looking SONARs, in navigation-aiding has arisen as an interesting research field in the attempt to reduce the localization error drift. Such sensors, if used simultaneously, can provide multiple observations, which can be combined in a Kalman filtering framework to increase navigation robustness against noise sources. Navigation techniques that employ multiple devices can provide a high improvement of the estimation quality, but they can also cause an increase in terms of computational load. Consequently, strategies that can represent a tradeoff between these two conflicting goals have to be investigated. In this contribution, two different frameworks have been implemented and compared: on the one hand, a centralized iterative UKF-based navigation approach and, on the other hand, a sensor fusion framework with parallel local UKFs. The sequential (or iterated) UKF, where the correction step is iteratively performed for each available measurement, belongs to the first class of filters. The federated and the consensus-based decentralized UKFs can be categorized as the second class and they differ in the employed fusion strategy. Experimental navigation data obtained during sea trials performed at Vulcano Island, Messina, Italy has been used for offline validation. The results analysis focuses on both the navigation quality and the filter robustness against the reduction of the available measurements.

Evaluation of UKF-Based Fusion Strategies for Autonomous Underwater Vehicles Multisensor Navigation / Bucci, A; Franchi, M; Ridolfi, A; Secciani, N; Allotta, B. - In: IEEE JOURNAL OF OCEANIC ENGINEERING. - ISSN 0364-9059. - STAMPA. - (2022), pp. 1-26. [10.1109/JOE.2022.3168934]

Evaluation of UKF-Based Fusion Strategies for Autonomous Underwater Vehicles Multisensor Navigation

Bucci, A
;
Ridolfi, A;Secciani, N;Allotta, B
2022

Abstract

In the underwater domain, guaranteeing accurate navigation for an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) is a complex but fundamental task to be achieved. As a matter of fact, only by ensuring a correct AUV localization, it is possible to accomplish surveillance, monitoring, and inspection missions. Most of the navigation filters for AUVs are based on Bayesian estimators, such as the Kalman filter, the extended Kalman filter (EKF), or the unscented Kalman filter (UKF), and employ different instruments, including the Doppler velocity log to perform the localization task. Recently, the use of payload sensors, such as cameras or forward-looking SONARs, in navigation-aiding has arisen as an interesting research field in the attempt to reduce the localization error drift. Such sensors, if used simultaneously, can provide multiple observations, which can be combined in a Kalman filtering framework to increase navigation robustness against noise sources. Navigation techniques that employ multiple devices can provide a high improvement of the estimation quality, but they can also cause an increase in terms of computational load. Consequently, strategies that can represent a tradeoff between these two conflicting goals have to be investigated. In this contribution, two different frameworks have been implemented and compared: on the one hand, a centralized iterative UKF-based navigation approach and, on the other hand, a sensor fusion framework with parallel local UKFs. The sequential (or iterated) UKF, where the correction step is iteratively performed for each available measurement, belongs to the first class of filters. The federated and the consensus-based decentralized UKFs can be categorized as the second class and they differ in the employed fusion strategy. Experimental navigation data obtained during sea trials performed at Vulcano Island, Messina, Italy has been used for offline validation. The results analysis focuses on both the navigation quality and the filter robustness against the reduction of the available measurements.
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Goal 9: Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure
Bucci, A; Franchi, M; Ridolfi, A; Secciani, N; Allotta, B
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2158/1280621
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